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NCJ Number: 68131 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS MURDERED IN CALIFORNIA
Journal: POLICE CHIEF  Volume:47  Issue:6  Dated:(JUNE 1980)  Pages:45-47,77
Author(s): C B MOORMAN; R WEMMER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: IN THE MURDERS OF 11 POLICE OFFICERS KILLED IN THE LINE OF DUTY IN CALIFORNIA IN 1979, PERTINENT FACTS ABOUT THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE SLAYING ARE REVEALED TO TEACH POLICE ABOUT PERSONAL SAFETY.
Abstract: MANY FACTS ABOUT POLICE OFFICER MURDERS, 1973-1978, REMAIN SIMILAR FOR 1979. IN ALL YEARS, MOST OFFICERS WERE KILLED AT NIGHT, AVERAGED 34 YEARS OF AGE WITH 8 YEARS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT EXPERIENCE, AND WERE USUALLY KILLED BY YOUNGER MALE SUSPECTS WITH PREVIOUS ARREST RECORDS. THREE FOURTHS OF THE MURDERERS USED HANDGUNS, AND HALF OF THE MURDERED OFFICERS WERE OPERATING AT THE TIME WITH A PARTNER OR BACK-UP. IN 1979, OFFICERS WERE KILLED DURING A WIDE VARIETY OF SITUATIONS, INCLUDING GAME POACHING, A TRAFFIC PURSUIT, AND DURING INCIDENTS INVOLVING NARCOTICS AND MENTALLY DERANGED PERSONS. ALL BUT ONE OFFICER WERE KILLED IN URBAN SETTINGS. HOWEVER, CONTRARY TO FORMER YEARS, MOST OFFICERS (55 PERCENT) KILLED IN 1979 WERE DETECTIVES OR PLAINCLOTHESMEN. THE DATA INDICATE THAT TRADITIONAL PROBLEMS OF CARELESSNESS AND COMPLACENCY CONTINUE AMONG THE POLICE. SINCE MOST OFFICERS KILLED WERE OLDER, EXPERIENCED, AND ACCOMPANIED BY OTHERS, THE POLICE MUST GUARD AND TRAIN AGAINST A FALSE SENSE OF SECURITY BROUGHT ABOUT BY AGE, EXPERIENCE, OR NUMBERS. SINCE POLICE WERE KILLED IN A WIDE VARIETY OF INCIDENTS, THEY MUST REMEMBER THAT THEY ARE NEVER SAFE BUT MUST ALWAYS BE ON THEIR GUARD. AS MOST KILLERS USED HANDGUNS, POLICE OFFICERS MUST BE CONSTANTLY AWARE OF SUSPECTS' HANDS. BODY ARMOR SHOULD BE WORN MORE OFTEN, SINCE 73 PERCENT OF THE SLAIN OFFICERS HAD NO PROTECTION. FINALLY, PLAINCLOTHESMEN AND DETECTIVES MUST BE AWARE THAT THE DANGER IN THEIR TYPES OF ASSIGNMENTS IS GROWING, PARTICULARLY FOR URBAN POLICE.
Index Term(s): California; Crime Causes; Plain clothes operations; Police attitudes; Police deaths; Police safety
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68131

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