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NCJ Number: 68192 Find in a Library
Title: DRUGS - CREATION AND DEATH OF A MYTH
Journal: CAPITULO CRIMINOLOGICO  Volume:4  Dated:(1976)  Pages:99-110
Author(s): L ANIYAR DE CASTRO
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 12
Format: Article
Language: Spanish
Country: Venezuela
Annotation: THE PHENOMENA OF DRUG ADDICTION AND DRUG TRAFFICKING ARE EXPLORED FROM A RADICAL CRIMINOLOGIST'S VIEWPOINT, WITH THE STATED OBJECTIVE OF DEFLATING CURRENT CONTROL PHILOSOPHIES (HERE CALLED REPRESSIVE) AND STEREOTYPING.
Abstract: A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH IN INVESTIGATING CRIMINOLOGICAL ISSUES IS REQUIRED FOR ANY SERIOUS SCIENTIFIC EFFORT IN ORDER TO AVOID COMPARTMENTALIZATION OF RELATED ELEMENTS AND TO PLACE SO-CALLED DEVIANT BEHAVIOR IN A WIDER SOCIOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL CONTEXT. A RELATIVISTIC APPROACH MUST BE USED IN EXPLORING THE DRUG ADDICTION AND DRUG TRAFFICKING PHENOMENA, AS WELL AS ANY OTHER TYPE OF CRIMINALIZED CONDUCT. CURRENT SURVEYS OF DRUG USE ARE BASED ON A NUMBER OF ASSUMPTIONS. DRUG USERS ARE STEREOTYPED AS SICK INDIVIDUALS, FOR INSTANCE, AND SURVEY RESULTS MUST BE DRAMATIC TO JUSTIFY ALLOCATIONS AND EXPENDITURES OF HUGE AMOUNTS OF MONEY, NATIONALLY AND SUPRANATIONALLY, FOR PREVENTION AND REPRESSION OF DRUG USE AND TRAFFICKING. MODELS OF DRUG USE AND PREVENTION ARE IMPORTED FROM THE UNITED STATES. DRUG USERS ARE CHARACTERIZED, AND/OR LABELED ACCORDING TO A DOUBLE STANDARD OF GOVERNMENTAL AND ESTABLISHMENT ATTITUDES: MEMBERS OF THE UPPER SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES ARE DEFINED AS 'VICTIMS OF A DRUG DEALER GANG', WHILE LOWER-CLASS USERS ARE LABELED AS JUNKIES AND HOODLUMS. THE SCIONS OF DISTINGUISHED FAMILIES ARE SENTENCED TO UNDERGO MEDICAL TREATMENT TO BE CURED, WHILE LOWER-CLASS ADDICTS ARE SENT TO PRISON. THE STUDY CONCLUDES THAT NO SOLUTIONS TO THE DRUG ABUSE AND DRUG TRAFFICKING PROBLEMS WILL BE FOUND UNDER CAPITALIST SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION AND IN NEOCOLONIALIST ENVIRONMENTS. NO BIBLIOGRAPHY IS GIVEN. --IN SPANISH.
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Marxism; Radical criminology; Venezuela
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF THE UNITED NATIONS ON CRIME PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DELINQUENTS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68192

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