skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68262 Find in a Library
Title: MARYLAND - A CASE STUDY OF DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STATUS OFFENDERS
Corporate Author: Arthur D Little, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: Arthur D Little, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02140
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS CASE STUDY OF THE DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STATUS OFFENDERS IN MARYLAND ANALYZES THE SERVICE NEEDS OF STATUS OFFENDERS AND THE COST IMPLICATIONS OF PROVIDING TREATMENT IN UNRESTRICTED SETTINGS.
Abstract: INFORMATION FOR THE STUDY WAS GATHERED THROUGH REVIEW OF STATE AND LOCAL REPORTS AND PLANS, DATA ON THE NUMBERS AND TYPES OF YOUTHS WHO CAME INTO CONTACT WITH THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, AND THROUGH FIELD RESEARCH WITH STATE, LOCAL AND PRIVATE AGENCIES. MARYLAND LEGISLATION PROHIBITING THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STATUS OFFENDERS WAS ENACTED IN 1974. AS A RESULT, THE SERVICE NETWORK OF STATE AND COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS HAS EXPANDED EVEN THOUGH THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM WAS NOT ALTERED BY THE LEGISLATIVE CHANGES. THE JUVENILE SERVICES ADMINISTRATION HAS THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR STATUS OFFENDERS. SINCE THE LEGISLATION, THE NUMBER OF STATUS OFFENDERS REFERRED TO COURT INTAKE HAS BEEN DECREASING. FAMILIES HAVE BEEN ENCOURAGED TO COPE WITH PROBLEMS THEMSELVES OR SEEK HELP FROM LOCAL COMMUNITY AGENCIES. STATUS OFFENDER REFERRALS HAVE INCREASED FROM 31 PERCENT IN 1973 TO 68 PERCENT IN 1976, AND THERE HAVE BEEN PROBLEMS IN INTERAGENCY COORDINATION AND COOPERATION. A MORE REFINED SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM AND A REDEFINITION OF AGENCY ROLES IS REQUIRED. THE STATE HAS NO SINGLE AGENCY CAPABLE OF SERVING THE JUVENILE CLIENTS CHARACTERIZED BY A DEPRIVED BACKGROUND, FUNCTIONAL ILLITERACY, EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE AND SOCIALLY DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR. MARYLAND HAS REDUCED SECURE DETENTIONS BY 80 PERCENT AND COMMITMENTS OF STATUS OFFENDERS BY 97 PERCENT IN THE 2 YEARS FOLLOWING THE LEGISLATIVE CHANGE. RUNAWAYS FORM THE MAJORITY OF THOSE NOW IN SECURE DETENTION. HOWEVER, ADDITIONAL SHELTER CARE FACILITIES ARE NEEDED AS WELL AS MORE GROUP HOMES, FOSTER CARE UNITS, AND DAY TREATMENT CENTERS FOR STATUS OFFENDERS AND OTHER TROUBLED YOUTH. COST IMPACT OF DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION HAS BEEN MINIMAL, ALTHOUGH A SIGNIFICANT COST AND SERVICE IMPACT WOULD BE REQUIRED TO END OUT-OF-STATE PLACEMENTS OF STATUS OFFENDERS. TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Case studies; Deinstitutionalization; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile status offenses; Maryland; Status offender diversion
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68262

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.