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NCJ Number: 68340 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: REAL VERSUS REEL - WHAT'S THE VERDICT? THE EFFECTS OF VIDEOTAPED COURT MATERIALS ON JUROR RESPONSE - FINAL REPORT
Corporate Author: Michigan State University
Dept of Communications
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 255
Sponsoring Agency: Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
Grant Number: APR75-15815; GI38398
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Michigan State University
Dept of Communications
526 South Kedzie Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT EVALUATES EFFECTS OF VIDEOTAPED TESTIMONY ON JUROR INFORMATION PROCESSING AND DECISIONMAKING ACTIVITIES IN JURY TRIALS SO THAT STANDARDS FOR THE USE OF VIDEOTAPING IN COURTS CAN BE SET.
Abstract: RESEARCHERS STUDIED JURORS WHO VIEWED LIVE TRIALS, COLOR VIDEO TAPED TRIALS, BLACK-AND-WHITE VIDEO TAPED TRIALS, AND SEGMENTS OF VIDEO TAPED TESTIMONY INTRODUCED INTO AN OTHERWISE LIVE TRIAL. THE EXAMINED JUROR RESPONSE VARIABLES INCLUDE VERDICT, AMOUNT OF AWARD TO PLAINTIFF, RETENTION OF TRIAL-RELATED INFORMATION, PERCEIVED ATTORNEY CREDIBILITY, PERCEIVED WITNESS CREDIBILITY, JUROR EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT WITNESS TYPES, AND JUROR VERACITY JUDGMENTS OF TESTIMONY PRESENTED. FROM THE NUMEROUS FINDINGS, THE RESEARCHERS DREW SEVERAL CONCLUSIONS. FIRST, THE USE OF VIDEO TAPE DOES NOT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT JURORS' VERDICTS OR THE MONETARY AWARDS TO PLAINTIFFS MADE BY JURORS, BUT IT DOES AFFECT THE AMOUNT OF TRIAL-RELATED INFORMATION RETAINED BY JURORS DURING A TRIAL. JUROR PERCEPTIONS OF ATTORNEY CREDIBILITY CAN BE SIGNIFICANTLY INFLUENCED BY EDITING AND PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES THAT ARE PART OF AVAILABLE VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, WHILE JUROR PERCEPTIONS OF WITNESS CREDIBILITY ARE AFFECTED BY VIDEO TAPE USED IN THE COURTROOM. VIDEO TAPED PRESENTATIONS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF WITNESSES (E.G., STRONG AND WEAK) AFFECT JUROR EVALUATIONS OF WITNESS CREDIBILITY. VIDEO TAPE USED TO PRESENT TESTIMONY DOES NOT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT JUROR JUDGMENTS OF THE VERACITY OF THE TESTIMONY PRESENTED. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WITNESS SEEM TO EXERT MORE IMPACT ON JUROR RESPONSE THAN DO VIDEO TAPE PRODUCTION DECISIONS. FOR INSTANCE, JURORS RETAIN MORE CENTRAL ARGUMENTS AND FACTS WHEN EXPOSED TO BLACK-AND-WHITE TAPED TESTIMONY AS OPPOSED TO COLOR, AND MORE RAPID LOSS OCCURS AFTER THE LIVE PRESENTATION. THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON JUROR RESPONSE CAUSED BY EITHER THE INCLUSION OR DELETION OF INADMISSIBLE MATERIALS. THE REPORT RECOMMENDS RULES FOR UNIFORM COURTROOM USE OF VIDEO TAPE, SUCH AS A STIPULATION FOR FIXED CAMERAS. TABLES, FOOTNOTES, AND 163 REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Courtroom proceedings broadcasting; Juror characteristics; Jury decisionmaking; Video taped testimony
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68340

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