skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68354 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMIES OF SCALE (MAXIMUM/MEDIUM SECURITY) - REPORT
Corporate Author: Canada Solicitor General
Canada

Canada Dept of Supply and Services
Bureau of Management Consulting
Canada

Canada Correctional Service
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 93
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Correctional Service
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P9, Canada
Canada Dept of Supply and Services
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5, Canada
Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Publication Number: 2-2350
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE COSTS OF PROVIDING MEDIUM AND MAXIMUM SECURITY ACCOMMODATIONS (FOR MALE INMATES)AT VARIOUS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIES ARE COMPARED IN THIS CANADIAN CORRECTIONAL SERVICE STUDY.
Abstract: THE STUDY APPROACH INVOLVED (1) ADOPTING FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS AS IN INSTITUTIONAL DESIGNS ALREADY APPROVED BY THE CORRECTIONAL SERVICE, (2) DEVELOPING CONCEPTUAL MODELS FOR THE TWO SECURITY CLASSIFICATIONS AT THREE INMATE CAPACITY LEVELS, (3) COMPUTING THE COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH MODEL, AND (4) COMPARING THE COSTS OF THE DIFFERENT SCALES OF OPERATION. THE MODELS WERE AS FOLLOWS: MAXIMUM SECURITY WITH INMATE CAPACITIES OF 162 (SMALL), 216 (MEDIUM), AND 428 (LARGE); AND MEDIUM SECURITY WITH INMATE CAPACITIES OF 168 (SMALL), 252 (MEDIUM), AND 420 (LARGE). CONSTANT AVAILABILITY OF INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAMS AND SERVICE LEVELS WERE MAINTAINED TO LIMIT THE ANALYSIS TO THE COST EFFECT OF SIZE. THE COST ANALYSIS WAS BASED ON A LIFE CYCLE OF 30 YEARS, AND ALL COSTS, INCLUDING INITIAL CAPITAL COSTS OF CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT, WERE COMPUTED ON A PER INMATE/PER YEAR BASIS. RESULTS SHOW THAT THE TOTAL ANNUAL COST INCREASE BETWEEN THE LARGE AND SMALL SCALE MODELS FOR MAXIMUM SECURITY INMATES WAS ABOUT 60 PERCENT; BETWEEN THE LARGE AND MEDIUM SCALE MODELS IT WAS 40 PERCENT. FOR MEDIUM SECURITY, THE COST INCREASES WERE ABOUT 40 PERCENT AND 20 PERCENT, RESPECTIVELY. ALSO, AT A GIVEN SCALE OF OPERATION, IT IS FROM 10 TO 20 PERCENT CHEAPER TO MAINTAIN AN INMATE IN A MEDIUM SECURITY INSTITUTION THAN IN A MAXIMUM SECURITY INSTITUTION. THE RESULTS ARE BASED ON THE MODELS OPERATING AT FULL CAPACITY; ECONOMIES OF SCALE APPEAR TO LEVEL OFF IN THE 400 TO 500 CAPACITY RANGE. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MINIMIZING COSTS INCLUDE (1) DESIGNING FUTURE INSTITUTIONS TO ACCOMMODATE 400 TO 500 INMATES, AND (2) PURSUING POLICIES THAT ALLOW THE INCARCERATION OF INMATES IN MEDIUM RATHER THAN IN MAXIMUM SECURITY INSTITUTIONS WHENEVER POSSIBLE. REFERENCES, CHARTS, TABLES, GRAPHS, AND APPENDICES WITH DETAILED INFORMATION ON THE CALCULATIONS ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED).
Index Term(s): Canada; Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional planning; Corrections management; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Efficiency; Financial management; Life cycle costing; Maximum security; Medium security
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68354

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.