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NCJ Number: 68396 Find in a Library
Title: MISCLASSIFICATION OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS - A COMPARISON OF DESIGNATIONS IN JAIL AND DETENTION LOGS VS OFFENDER CASE FILES
Author(s): J P HEUSER
Corporate Author: Oregon Law Enforcement Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Oregon Law Enforcement Council
Salem, OR 97303
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76 AF-10-0041
Publication Number: REPORT NO 1
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS OREGON PHASE II STUDY EXAMINES COMPLIANCE WITH A FEDERAL OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION GUIDELINE FOR A MAXIMUM 24-JUDICIAL-HOUR DETENTION FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS.
Abstract: THE OREGON LAW ENFORCEMENT COUNCIL (OLEC) RECENTLY REPORTED TO THE OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION (OJJDP) THAT IN FISCAL YEAR 1979 THERE WERE 1,499 CASES OR INSTANCES WHERE JUVENILE NONCRIMINAL OFFENDERS WERE HELD OR DETAINED IN OREGON FACILITIES FOR MORE THAN 24 JUDICIAL HOURS. THIS STUDY IS BASED ON A SAMPLE OF 271 CASES DRAWN FROM THESE 1,499 CASES. USING INDEPTH CASE FILE DATA IN ADDITION TO THE JAIL/DETENTION LOG BOOK DATA GATHERED IN THE EARLIER CENSUS OF DETENTION FACILITIES, THE STUDY ATTEMPTED TO VERIFY THAT THESE CASES WERE INDEED 'OUT OF COMPLIANCE' (I.E., NONCRIMINAL OFFENDERS HELD FOR MORE THAN 24 JUDICIAL HOURS). THE MOST SIGNIFICANT FINDING IS THAT A LARGE PROPORTION OF THESE CASES (118 OF 271, OR 43.5 PERCENT) COULD NOT BE VERIFIED AS OUT OF COMPLIANCE. MISCLASSIFYING CRIMINAL OR DELINQUENT OFFENDERS AS NONCRIMINAL (OR STATUS OFFENDERS) WAS THE MOST COMMON SOURCE OF ERROR, ALTHOUGH MISCALCULATION OF TIME ACTUALLY HELD OCCURRED ALSO. BECAUSE OLEC HAS NOT RECHECKED ITS BASELINE YEAR (1975) DATA, IT IS NOT YET SURE THAT THE ELIMINATION OF MISCLASSIFIED CASES WILL IMPROVE THE COMPLIANCE RATE PICTURE.IN ADDITION, THE STUDY SERIOUSLY QUESTIONS THE DEGREE TO WHICH TIME HELD IN DETENTION (REGARDLESS OF THE 24-HOUR OJJDP GUIDELINES) MATCHES BOTH THE PAST AND CURRENT SITUATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE JUVENILES. UNTIL MORE KNOWLEDGE IS GAINED ABOUT WHY YOUNGSTERS ARE BEING DETAINED AND UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES, NO REAL ASSESSMENT OF THE REASONABLENESS AND UTILITY OF THE CURRENT OJJDP GUIDELINES CAN BE MADE. APPENDIXES INCLUDE FLOWCHARTS AND AN EXPLANATORY LETTER. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Federal regulations; Juvenile case records; Juvenile case studies; Juvenile detention; Juvenile offender classification; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); Oregon; Regulations compliance
Note: PHASE 2 OF OLEC'S (OREGON LAW ENFORCEMENT COUNCIL'S) JUVENILE JAIL AND DETENTION MONITORING STUDY FOR FY 1979
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68396

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