skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68474 Find in a Library
Title: MYTHS AND REALITIES OF HOMICIDE
Author(s): W WILBANKS
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 20
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: POPULAR MISCONCEPTION ABOUT THE NATURE AND FREQUENCY OF HOMICIDE, AND THE FEAR ENGENDERED BY THE BELIEF THAT MURDER VICTIMIZATION IS A LIKELY OCCURRENCE FOR A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE, ARE EXPLORED THROUGH PUBLIC FEEDBACK.
Abstract: THE PARTICIPANTS IN A 1980 INTERAGENCY WORKSHOP AT THE SAM HOUSTON STATE UNIVERSITY IN TEXAS WERE GIVEN A SET OF 50 QUESTIONS ABOUT HOMICIDE, TO BE MARKED AS TRUE OR FALSE. THE RESULTS OF THIS SURVEY ARE GIVEN IN THIS PAPER, WITH THE CORRECT ANSWERS SUPPLIED ON THE BASIS OF DATA AVAILABLE IN THE CURRENT LITERATURE ON HOMICIDE. THE PROJECT WAS INSPIRED BY THE AWARENESS OF WIDESPREAD MISCONCEPTIONS ON HOMICIDE AND MURDER, FOR WHICH MEDIA COVERAGE IS HELD CHIEFLY RESPONSIBLE. AMONG THE MOST SIGNIFICANT REALITIES NOTED ARE THE FOLLOWING: THE LIKELIHOOD OF MURDER VICTIMIZATION FOR THE AVERAGE CITIZEN IS LESS THAN 1:10,000; MURDER IS NOT EXCLUSIVELY AN URBAN (BIG CITY) PHENOMENON; MOST MURDERS ARE COMMITTED WITH GUNS; VICTIM-CRIME PRECIPITATION IS A FREQUENT OCCURRENCE; THE RATE OF CRIME SOLVING BY THE POLICE FOR HOMICIDES AND MURDERS WAS 75% IN 1977. IT IS OBSERVED THAT BLACKS ARE EIGHT TIMES MORE LIKELY THAN WHITES TO BECOME VICTIMS AND/OR PERPETRATORS OF MURDER OR HOMICIDE, BUT THIS TYPE OF CRIME DOES NOT FREQUENTLY CROSS RACE LINES; ELDERLY AMERICANS ARE INCREASINGLY BECOMING VICTIMS OF MURDER; RECIDIVISM RATES FOR MURDER AND/OR HOMICIDE ARE LOWER THAN FOR MOST OTHER CRIMES, SO THAT THIS TYPE OF OFFENDER IS A RELATIVELY GOOD PAROLE RISK; THE DETERRENT EFFECT OF THE DEATH PENALTY ON MURDER HAS NOT BEEN SATISFACTORILY PROVED. A COPY OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE IS APPENDED.
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Dispositions; Fear of crime; Hispanic Americans; Homicide; Media coverage; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Victimization
Note: PRESENTED TO THE INTERAGENCY WORKSHOP, SAM HOUSTON STATE UNIVERSITY, HUNTSVILLE, TEXAS, MAY 1980
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68474

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.