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NCJ Number: 68608 Find in a Library
Title: ORGANIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT - INFLUENCES ON POLICE WORK (FROM EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICING, P 98--123, 1980, BY R V G CLARKE AND J M HOUGH SEE NCJ-71038)
Author(s): P K MANNING
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR, England
Sale Source: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Gower House, Croft Road,
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS PAPER REVIEWS TWO OPPOSING POSITIONS ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE POLICE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, PRESENTS SOME DATA ON POLICE RESPONSES TO CITIZEN DEMAND, AND ASSESSES INTERPRETATIONS OF POLICE RESPONSIBILITY.
Abstract: TWO DIFFERENT INTERPRETATIONS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE POLICE AND THE ENVIRONMENT ARE PRESENTED. ONE INTERPRETATION EMPHSIZES THE CAPACITY OF THE POLICE, THROUGH THE PARAMILITARY STRUCTURE OF COMMAND AND CONTROL, TO SHAPE, PATTERN, AND RESPOND TO CITIZEN DEMAND IN A FASHION THAT MEDIATES OR AT LEAST MAINTAINS THE AUTONOMY OF THE ORGANIZATION. ANOTHER INTERPRETATION SEES FAR GREATER CITIZEN CONTROL OVER THE POLICE AND ARGUES THAT THE ESSENTIAL DETERMINING FORCES ARE PATTERNS OF CITIZEN DEMAND. AN ARGUMENT PLACING MORE EMPHASIS ON CITIZEN DEMAND IN SHAPING POLICING IS BASED ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE POLICE ARE TIGHTLY COUPLED TO THE ENVIRONMENT. THE QUESTION TO WHAT EXTENT CITIZEN DEMAND IS DETERMINANT OF POLICING PROCEDURES IS ADDRESSED. A REVIEW OF RECENT RESEARCH FOCUSES ON THE DEMAND FOR POLICE SERVICE AND THE INFORMATION PROCESSING STRUCTURES OF THE POLICE. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE SYSTEM OF INFORMATION GATHERING CREATES AND SHAPES WHAT IT ACCEPTS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT, AND IT IS LIKELY THAT THE NEAT DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE ENVIRONMENT AND ORGANIZATION DOES NOT EXIST. POLICING APPEARS TO HAVE ENORMOUS CAPACITY FOR PRODUCING ITS OWN CODING SYSTEM WHICH IS, IN EFFECT, A CRUDE SEMIOLOGICAL SYSTEM. THEREFORE, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO SEPARATE AND MEASURE THE ORGANIZATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT BECAUSE THE PERCEPTIONS, UNDERSTANDINGS, BELIEFS, MYTHS, AND ENACTMENTS OF MEMBERS AS MUCH CONSTITUTES THE ENVIRONMENT AS IT IS A REACTION TO THE ENVIRONMENT. AN APPENDIX LISTS POLICE CODES. TABLES AND APPROXIMATELY 55 REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Communications units (police); Community involvement; England; Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police management; Police response time; Police responsibilities; Police telecommunications systems; Public Attitudes/Opinion; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68608

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