skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68610 Find in a Library
Title: RESPONSIBILITY, COMPETENCE AND POLICE EFFECTIVENESS IN CRIME CONTROL (FROM EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICING, P 139-162, 1980, BY R V G CLARKE AND J M HOUGH - SEE NCJ-71038)
Author(s): P ENGSTAD; J L EVANS
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR, England
Sale Source: Gower Publishing Co Ltd
Gower House, Croft Road,
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS BRITISH PAPER DESCRIBES HOW RESEARCH FOCUSING ON SPECIFIC CRIMES AND ON THE COMPETENCE OF CITIZENS TO CONTROL SPECIFIC CRIME OCCURRENCES IS LIKELY TO GENERATE IMPROVEMENTS IN POLICE EFFECTIVENESS.
Abstract: A REVIEW OF STUDIES OF POLICE EFFECTIVENESS STRONGLY SUGGESTS THAT CRIME CONTROL STRATEGIES, INCORPORATING BOTH LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE PREVENTION OF SPECIFIC OFFENSES, SHOULD BEGIN WITH THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE NATURE, EXTENT, AND SALIENCE OF CRIME PROBLEMS IN A PARTICULAR COMMUNITY AND A DETAILED EXAMINATION OF HOW SPECIFIC CRIMINAL ACTS ARE CARRIED OUT. THIS VIEW IS COMMONLY ESPOUSED AND THE POLICE HAVE DEVELOPED BOTH ENFORCEMENT AND CRIME PREVENTION STRATEGIES APPROPRIATE TO PARTICULAR OFFENSES OR CLASSES OF OFFENSES. HOWEVER, THE FULL POTENTIAL OF THIS APPROACH HAS SELDOM BEEN REALIZED IN PRACTICE. CRIME PROBLEMS HAVE TYPICALLY BEEN ANALYZED AND CRIME ATTACK STRATEGIES FORMULATED WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE OF WHO IN THE COMMUNITY WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EXISTENCE OR CONTROL OF SPECIFIC CRIMES, THUS RESTRICTING THE SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVE RESPONSES TO CRIME PROBLEMS. THE CONCEPT OF RESPONSIBILITY PROVIDES A BASIS FOR EXAMINING KEY ASPECTS OF THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF THE POLICE, AS WELL AS FOR ANSWERING PRACTICAL QUESTIONS RELATING TO POLICE AND COMMUNITY EFFECTIVENESS IN CRIME CONTROL. IN ORDER TO DEVELOP OPTIMALLY EFFECTIVE CRIME CONTROL STRATEGIES, IT IS NECESSARY TO IDENTIFY AND ANALYZE COMMUNITY CRIME PROBLEMS, TO EXAMINE HOW PARTICULAR CRIMES ARE CARRIED OUT, AND TO CONDUCT A THOROUGH EXAMINATION OF WHO HAS CONTRIBUTED TO THE EXISTENCE OF THE CRIME PROBLEM IN QUESTION. THE FULL RANGE OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES MUST BE MOBILIZED TO CONTROL THE SPECIFIC CRIME. APPROXIMATELY 80 REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Community involvement; England; Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police management; Police responsibilities; Policing innovation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68610

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.