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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 68631 Find in a Library
Title: DIRECTION AND DETERMINANTS OF EXPECTED CHANGES IN THE TRENDS AND STRUCTURE OF CRIME (FROM ZAGADNIENIA NIEPRZYSTOSOWANIA SPOLECZNEGO I PRZESTEPCZOSCI W POLSCE, P 91-123, 1978, BY JERZY JASINSKI - SEE NCJ 68628)
Author(s): J JASINSKI
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 33
Sale Source: Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Zaklad Narodowy Imienia
Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo
Rynek 9
Warsaw,
Poland
Language: Polish
Country: Poland
Annotation: DEMOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGES IN POLAND ARE EXPLORED AS DETERMINANTS OF CRIME IN ORDER TO DESIGN LONG RANGE PREVENTIVE METHODS.
Abstract: THE HIGHEST CRIME RATE IS FOUND AMONG MALE ADULTS 17 TO 29 YEARS OLD. A GRADUAL DECREASE IN THIS GROUP OF OFFENDERS IS EXPECTED AFTER 1980 AS A RESULT OF THE LEVELLING OFF OF THE POSTWAR BABY BOOM. HOWEVER, STUDIES HAVE REVEALED THE INFLUENCE OF URBANIZATION AND INDUSTRIALIZATION ON THE INCREASE IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY DUE TO SUCH PROCESSES AS THE BREAKDOWN OF THE FAMILY. IT IS EXPECTED THAT BY THE END OF THIS CENTURY CRIME RATES WILL INCREASE BECAUSE ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION OF POLAND WILL BE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS. AN INCREASE MAY ALSO RESULT FROM THE GROWING GAP BETWEEN THE LOWEST AND THE HIGHEST EARNINGS, COMBINED WITH SHORTER WORKING HOURS, AND MORE FREE TIME. TO OFFSET THESE UNFAVORABLE FACTORS, THE PENAL SYSTEM REFORMS ALREADY UNDERWAY IN POLAND SHOULD BE CONTINUED AND INTENSIFIED. THE PRESENT SYSTEM IS EXTREMELY PUNITIVE, OFTEN PERPETUATING RATHER THAN PREVENTING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. NEW, NONPUNITIVE STRATEGIES ARE NEEDED. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. --IN POLISH.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Crime Causes; Crime prediction; Long range planning; Poland
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68631

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