skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68632 Find in a Library
Title: ECONOMIC GROWTH, INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION AS FACTORS IN CRIME (FROM ZAGADNIENIA NIEPRZYSTOSOWANIA SPOLECZNEGO I PRZESTEPCZOSCI W POLSCE, P 125-142, 1978, BY JERZY JASINKI - SEE NCJ-68628)
Author(s): A MOSCISKIER
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 18
Sale Source: Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Zaklad Narodowy Imienia
Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo
Rynek 9
Warsaw,
Poland
Type: Statistics
Language: Polish
Country: Poland
Annotation: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION HAVE NOT LED TO INCREASED CRIME IN POLAND, ALTHOUGH SOME CORRELATION BETWEEN THESE FACTORS AND JUVENILE CRIME HAS BEEN FOUND. MIGRATION HAS BEEN THE MAIN CRIME DETERMINANT.
Abstract: STUDIES OF THE LINKS BETWEEN URBANIZATION AND ADULT CRIME IN POLAND HAVE SHOWN THAT EVEN THOUGH THE RATIO OF THE NUMBER OF CRIMES TO THE NUMBER OF INHABITANTS IS MUCH HIGHER IN CITIES THAN IN RURAL AREAS, THE PERCENTAGES OF CRIMINALS AMONG THE URBAN AND THE RURAL POPULATIONS ARE VERY CLOSE. FURTHERMORE THERE IS NO CORRELATION BETWEEN CITY SIZE AND INCIDENCE OF CRIME. NOR DOES THE RANKING ORDER OF PROVINCES (VOIVODSHIPS) ACCORDING TO URBAN POPULATION PERCENTAGES CORRELATE WITH ADULT CRIME RATES IN THESE VOIVODSHIPS. THIS MEANS THAT THE CITY ATTRACTS A CONCENTRATION OF CRIME, BUT URBAN GROWTH IN POLAND IS NOT A CRIMINOGENIC FACTOR. THE LINK BETWEEN URBANIZATION AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IS MAINLY A RESULT OF FAMILY DISINTEGRATION IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT. THE LINK BETWEEN INDUSTRIALIZATION AND THE CRIME RATE, IS DISPROVED BY STATISTICS FROM KATOVICE VOIVODSHIP, THE MOST INDUSTRIALIZED REGION IN POLAND, WHERE BOTH ADULT AND JUVENILE CRIME RATES ARE LOWER THAN IN THE REST OF THE COUNTRY. THE COMPARISON OF 17 VOIVODSHIPS HAS SHOWN THAT STRONG CORRELATION WAS FOUND BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF CRIME AND THE MASS MIGRATIONS CAUSED BY CHANGES IN POLAND'S BORDERS DIRECTLY AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. --IN POLISH.
Index Term(s): Demography; Economic influences; Geographic distribution of crime; National crime statistics; Poland; Rural urban comparisons; University of Minnesota
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68632

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.