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NCJ Number: 68635 Find in a Library
Title: SIGNIFICANCE OF EXCESS DRINKING AND ALCOHOLISM AS FACTORS IN THE GENESIS OF CRIME (FROM ZAGADNIENIA NIEPRZYSTOSOWANIA SPOLECZNEGO I PRZESTEPCZOSCI W POLSCE, P 243-268, 1978, BY JERZY JASINSKI - SEE NCJ-68628)
Author(s): S SZELHAUS
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 26
Sale Source: Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Zaklad Narodowy Imienia
Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo
Rynek 9
Warsaw,
Poland
Language: Polish
Country: Poland
Annotation: ALCOHOL HAS BEEN FOUND TO BE A FACTOR IN THE GENESIS OF CRIME AND RECIDIVISM IN POLAND. CHANGES IN THE PENAL SYSTEM ARE NEEDED TO PROVIDE CURES FOR ALCOHOLIC OFFENDERS WHILE THEY ARE STILL YOUNG.
Abstract: STUDIES SHOW THAT 45 PERCENT OF ALL PERSONS SUSPECTED OF CRIME IN 1975 WERE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL WHEN THE CRIME WAS COMMITTED. ALCOHOL ABUSE WAS CONCENTRATED IN MEN OF THE AGE GROUP IN WHICH A HIGH CRIME RATE WAS ALSO FOUND. MORE THAN 50 PERCENT OF RECIDIVISTS, BOTH JUVENILE AND ADULT, REGULARLY ABUSED ALCOHOL. THE RECIDIVISTS FELL INTO TWO GROUPS: A LARGER GROUP FOR WHOM ALCOHOL ABUSE WAS ONLY ONE OF THE FACTORS OF MALADJUSTMENT THAT STARTED EARLY IN THEIR LIVES; AND A SMALLER GROUP, FOR WHOM ALCOHOLISM WAS THE MAIN CAUSE OF CRIME, OCCURRING LATER IN LIFE. ONE-THIRD OF THE FORMER COMMITTED VIOLENT CRIMES OR PROPERTY CRIMES TO OBTAIN READY MONEY FOR BUYING MORE ALCOHOL. MOST OF THE CRIMES COMMITTED BY ALCOHOLICS WERE NOT PROPERTY CRIMES, TYPICAL CRIMES OF OTHER RECIDIVISTS, BUT RATHER CRIMES WHICH HAD ELEMENTS OF VIOLENCE. HOWEVER, SERIOUS VIOLENT CRIMES WERE COMMITTED ONLY BY 5 TO 8 PERCENT OF ALCOHOLIC RECIDIVISTS. THIS MEANS THAT ALCOHOLISM SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A MEDICAL PROBLEM. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. --IN POLISH.
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; Alcoholism causes; Behavior patterns; Poland; Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68635

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