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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 68641 Find in a Library
Title: LEVEL INTELLIGENCE AND DELINQUENCY (FROM ZAGADNIENIA NIEPRZYSTOSOWANIA SPOLECZNEGO I PRZESTEPCZOSCI W POLSCE, P 409-424, 1978, BY JERZY JASINSKI - SEE NCJ-68628)
Author(s): Z OSTRIHANSKA
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 16
Sale Source: Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Zaklad Narodowy Imienia
Ossolinskich, Wydawnictwo
Rynek 9
Warsaw,
Poland
Language: Polish
Country: Poland
Annotation: LOW INTELLIGENCE ALONE IS NOT A CRIME FACTOR, BUT IT CAUSES DIFFICULTY IN OBTAINING EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT, AS WELL AS A SENSE OF ALIENATION, WHICH MAY LEAD TO CRIME, ACCORDING TO STUDIES IN POLAND.
Abstract: STUDIES OF THE INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (I.Q.) OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS REVEALED THAT THERE WAS A BIGGER PERCENTAGE OF THE DULL AND BACKWARD (6 TO 20 PERCENT), AND FEEBLE MINDED (14 TO 53 PERCENT), AMONG DELINQUENTS THAN IN THE NORMAL POPULATION. HOWEVER, THE OFFENDERS SHOWED BETTER RESULTS IN TESTS WITH MORE NONVERBAL ELEMENTS THAN IN THE TESTS WHERE THE VERBAL ELEMENTS DOMINATED. THIS COULD HAVE BEEN CAUSED BY THEIR SOCIAL RATHER THAN GENETIC BACKGROUND. IT WOULD ALSO MEAN THAT SCHOOL PROGRAMS, EMPHASIZING THE VERBAL ASPECTS OF LEARNING SHOULD BE REASSESSED FOR USE WITH THIS TYPE OF STUDENT. STUDIES OF ADULT RECIDIVISTS WERE ALSO MADE, AND THEY SHOWED THAT THEY ALSO HAD A RELATIVELY LOW I.Q. (30 TO 46 PERCENT OF THE STUDIED RECIDIVISTS WERE DULL AND BACKWARD, AND FEEBLE MINDED). RECIDIVISTS 26 TO 35 YEARS OLD SHOWED I.Q. LEVELS LOWER THAN YOUNGER ADULT RECIDIVISTS. ONE OF THE REASONS COULD HAVE BEEN ALCOHOLISM, SINCE 53 PERCENT OF THE 26 TO 35-YEAR-OLD GROUP WERE ALCOHOLICS. LOW INTELLIGENCE ALONE WAS NOT FOUND TO BE A CRIME FACTOR. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. -- IN POLISH.
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Juvenile delinquency factors; Learning disabilities; Poland
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