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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 68690 Find in a Library
Title: INTERVIEW OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES REGARDING CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT ALLEGATIONS - CONSTITUTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - CONCLUSION
Journal: FBI LAW ENFORCEMENT BULLETIN  Volume:49  Issue:4  Dated:(APRIL 1980)  Pages:27-31
Author(s): J R DAVIS
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Publisher: https://www.fbi.gov 
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE SUGGESTS PROCEDURES FOR INTERVIEWING PUBLIC EMPLOYEES REGARDING CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT ALLEGATIONS.
Abstract: IN PURSUING INQUIRIES INTO ALLEGATIONS OF CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT BY PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, THE GOVERNMENT IS ACTING BOTH AS AN INVESTIGATOR AND PROSECUTOR AND AS AN EMPLOYER. THIS DUAL ROLE IS PARTICULARLY APPARENT IN THE CASE OF A LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY, AND OFTEN CAUSES CONFUSION IN THE MINDS OF BOTH THE INVESTIGATOR AND THE EMPLOYEE. OFTEN IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR THE INTERVIEWER TO PURSUE BOTH ROLES SIMULTANEOUSLY. HE MUST BE SURE THAT NO IMPROPER COERCION IS EXERTED ON THE EMPLOYEE AND ALSO THAT FULL MIRANDA WARNINGS (OR SOME MODIFIED WARNING) BE GIVEN TO EMPLOYEE. TO AVOID UNNECESSARY PROBLEMS, BEFORE UNDERTAKING THE INTERVIEW, THE EMPLOYER SHOULD DETERMINE WHETHER THE GOAL OF THE INTERVIEW - I.E., OBTAINING A STATEMENT USABLE IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, OR RECEIVING THE EMPLOYEE'S FULL ACCOUNT OF HIS WORK-RELATED ACTIONS. FOR INTERVIEWS FOR CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE PURPOSES, THE EMPLOYEE SHOULD BE GIVEN SOME WARNING OF HIS FIFTH AMENDMENT RIGHTS AND HE SHOULD BE ADVISED THAT ASSERTING HIS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AND REFUSING TO ANSWER INCRIMINATING QUESTIONS WILL NOT LEAD TO ADVERSE ACTION AGAINST HIM. IN INTERVIEWS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, THE EMPLOYEE SHOULD BE ADVISED THAT: (1) THE PURPOSE OF THE INTERVIEW IS TO SOLICIT RESPONSES THAT WILL ASSIST IN DETERMINING WHETHER DISCIPLINARY ACTION IS WARRANTED, (2) THAT ALL QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE PERFORMANCE OF OFFICIAL DUTIES MUST BE ANSWERED FULLY AND TRUTHFULLY, AND (3) THAT NO INFORMATION GAINED THIS INTERVIEW MAY BE ADMISSIBLE AGAINST THE EMPLOYEE IN ANY CRIMINAL PROCEEDING. THERE IS NO RIGHT TO COUNSEL UNDER THE SIXTH AMENDMENT IN SUCH ADMINISTRATIVE INTERVIEWS. INTERVIEWS OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES REGARDING ALLEGATIONS OF CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT REQUIRE CAREFUL PLANNING, AND IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE EMPLOYER CONSIDER BEFOREHAND THE PURPOSE OF THE INTERVIEW AND THEN TAILOR THE APPROACH TO COMPLY WITH CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES. AGENCIES SHOULD ALSO CONSULT WITH LEGAL COUNSEL IN FORMULATING GUIDELINES FOR EMPLOYEE INTERVIEWS. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Background investigations; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Employee grievances; Personnel; Police internal investigations; Professional misconduct
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68690

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