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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 68697 Find in a Library
Title: EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN ON COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PATROL AND INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTIONS - PART 1
Journal: FBI LAW ENFORCEMENT BULLETIN  Volume:49  Issue:5  Dated:(MAY 1980)  Pages:1-7
Author(s): J J STAFT
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Publisher: https://www.fbi.gov 
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE FIRST PART OF AN EXTENSIVE REPORT ON POLICE INTERDEPARTMENTAL COLLABORATION ANALYZES THE INFORMATION EXCHANGE PROBLEMS CAUSED BY SPECIALIZATION OF INVESTIGATIVE AND PATROL UNITS.
Abstract: THE TRADITIONAL BASIS FOR MOST POLICE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION IS FOUND IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF BUSINESS SCHOLARS BULICK AND URWICK. BOTH ADVOCATE THE DIVISION OF LABOR BECAUSE THE RANGE OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS REQUIRED IN A MODERN POLICE DEPARTMENT IS SO GREAT THAT ONE PERSON COULD NOT BECOME EXPERT IN ALL AREAS. THE DIVISION IS USUALLY MADE ACCORDING TO PURPOSE, PROCESS, CLIENTELE, PLACE, AND TIME. SUCH SPECIALIZATION OF POLICING FUNCTIONS HAS HAD BOTH NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE IMPACT ON COMMUNICATION AMONG THE MEMBERS OF A POLICE AGENCY. FOR EXAMPLE, THE SPECIALIZATION OF UNITS ACCORDING TO PURPOSE ENSURES EXPERT WORK IN EACH AREA, SUCH AS DETECTION, APPREHENSION, AND PROSECUTION. HOWEVER, WHEN MORE THAN ONE UNIT IS ASSIGNED TO THE SAME TASK, RIVALRY PROMPTS INFORMATION WITHHOLDING. ALTHOUGH PATROLMEN ARE OFTEN THE FIRST TO RISK THEIR LIVES AT A CRIME SCENE, THEY ARE AUTOMATICALLY ECLIPSED, GIVING RISE TO RIVALRY BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS OF OFFICERS. TIME SPECIALIZATION IS NECESSARY SINCE THE POLICE OPERATE 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. THUS, INFORMATION GAPS OCCUR WHEN INVESTIGATORS HAVE NO ACCESS TO THE PATROL OFFICERS WHO INITIATED THE ACTION. CONVERSELY, INVESTIGATORS MAY TURN UP INFORMATION WHICH PATROL OFFICERS ON THEIR SHIFTS NEED TO PREVENT CRIME RECURRENCE ON THEIR BEATS. AS EACH SPECIALIZED SUBUNIT IS CREATED, ADDITIONAL COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS DEVELOP. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. FOR THE CONCLUDING ARTICLE, SEE NCJ 68375.
Index Term(s): Police attitudes; Police effectiveness; Police information systems; Police intelligence operations; Police internal organizations; Police management; Police manpower deployment; Police organizational structure; Police responsibilities; Specialized police operations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68697

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