skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68796 Find in a Library
Title: MIRRORS OF WAR - MURDER AND VIOLENT CRIME - A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WAR AND VIOLENT CRIME - BUFFALO, NEW YORK, 1900-1976
Author(s): W L SCHAICH
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 243
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE STATISTICAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WAR AND MURDER, RAPE, AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT IS EXAMINED IN THIS DISSERTATION.
Abstract: SERIOUS VIOLENT CRIME RATES WERE COMPUTED FROM POLICE ARREST AND OFFENSE RECORDS FOR 1900 TO 1976 IN BUFFALO, N.Y., A REPRESENTATIVE URBAN COMMUNITY. LONG TERM CRIME TRENDS FOR THIS PERIOD SHOW A POSITIVE CORRELATION BETWEEN VIOLENT CRIME AND WAR. AN ARREST ANALYSIS OF MALES REVEALS A SIGNIFICANT RISE IN VIOLENT CRIME INVOLVEMENT DURING WORLD WAR II. THE ONLY WARTIME DECLINE OCCURRED AMONG 20 TO 29-YEAR-OLDS, THE AGE GROUP INVOLVEMENT WAS SKEWED TOWARD MUCH YOUNGER AGE GROUPS. DURING ALL WARS, THE MURDER RATE INCREASED FOR ALL SECTORS OF THE POPULATION. THE NUMBER OF RAPES ALSO INCREASED WITH THE EXCEPTION OF WORLD WAR II, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF THE LARGER PROPORTION OF 20 TO 29-YEAR-OLDS INVOLVED IN THE CONFLICT. THE PATTERN FOR AGGRAVATED ASSAULT IS SIMILAR TO THAT FOR MURDER; HOWEVER, ESPECIALLY HIGH CORRELATIONS WERE SHOWN FOR FEMALES AND BLACKS DURING WORLD WAR II AND FOR BOTH BLACKS AND WHITES DURING THE VIETNAM WAR. THE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN VIOLENT CRIME AND WAR ARE EXPLAINED, IN PART, THROUGH THE STATES' USE OF PROPAGANDA WHICH LEGITIMIZES AND GIVES DIRECTION TO SOCIETY'S AGGRESSIONS, AND THROUGH INCREASED POLICE AGGRESSIVENESS IN WARTIME. DURING WAR, THE ACT OF CRIME FIGHTING BECOMES A PATRIOTIC DUTY, AND BUFFALO'S POLICE ESTABLISHMENT GREW IN RESPONSE TO ALL U.S. WAR INVOLVEMENTS IN THE 20TH CENTURY AS DID VOLUNTEER CRIME-FIGHTING UNITS. VIOLENCE THEN BECOMES A LEGITIMATE MEANS OF SOLVING SOCIAL PROBLEMS. GRAPHS AND TABLES ARE INCLUDED IN THE TEXT AND APPENDICES, AND FOOTNOTES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Murder; New York; Rape; Violent crime statistics; Violent crimes
Note: UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68796

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.