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NCJ Number: 68807 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: SURVEY OF TECHNIQUES USED IN THE TRIAL COURTS TO REDUCE THE TIME JUDGES MUST SPEND ON NON-ADJUDICATORY TASKS - FINAL REPORT
Author(s): B KREINDEL; R H ADAMS
Corporate Author: Mitre Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 166
Sponsoring Agency: Mitre Corporation
Bedford, MA 01730
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0063
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT EXPLORED MECHANISMS USED IN TRIAL COURTS TO REDUCE DEMANDS MADE ON JUDGES OR PERFORMED BY THEM BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT.
Abstract: RESEARCHERS EXPLORED 130 INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMS DURING ONSITE VISITS TO 17 JURISDICTIONS IN ARIZONA, FLORIDA, MARYLAND, ALABAMA, MISSOURI, RHODE ISLAND, OREGON, CONNECTICUT, MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, MASSACHUSETTS, WASHINGTON, AND KANSAS. THEY ALSO ANALYZED THE 235 RESPONSES TO A MAILED QUESTIONNAIRE WHICH WAS DISTRIBUTED TO 750 TRIAL COURTS AND JURISDICTIONS. THE PROGRAMS HAVE GENERALLY TAKEN ONE OF THE THREE FOLLOWING FORMS. THE FIRST INVOLVED SUBSTITUTING A NONJUDGE IN PLACE OF A JUDGE, SUCH AS USING ATTORNEYS AS MASTERS, USING LAW CLERKS TO PERFORM LEGAL RESEARCH, AND HAVING CLERK'S OFFICE PERSONNEL NOTIFY ATTORNEYS OF CHANGED SCHEDULES. THE SECOND TYPE OF PROGRAM REDUCED THE FREQUENCY OF TASKS PERFORMED BY JUDGES, SUCH AS CONSOLIDATING A NUMBER OF PRETRIAL HEARINGS ON DISCOVERY INTO A SINGLE OMNIBUS HEARING, USING PREPARED BENCH BOOKS, AND MODIFYING PROCEDURES TO ELIMINATE EXCESS CONTINUANCE REQUEST HEARINGS. THE THIRD ASSIGNEDTHE TASK PERFORMANCE AS PART OF A GENERAL TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE OFFICE OF COURT ADMINISTRATOR OR EXECUTIVE, SUCH AS JURY MANAGEMENT, PRETRIAL RELEASE ACTIVITIES, INFORMATION SYSTEM OPERATION, AND CASEFLOW MANAGEMENT. SOME OF THESE PROGRAMS INVOLVED THE REASSIGNMENT OF JUDGES' RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE JUDGE'S BAILIFF OR SECRETARY, WHILE OTHERS REQUIRED STATUTORY AUTHORITY AND SUBSTANTIAL AND CONTINUING FUNDING FOR THEIR OPERATION. THE REPORT CONCLUDED THAT ITS FINDINGS WILL BE USEFUL TO COURT ADMINISTRATORS, CHIEF AND PRESIDING JUDGES, PLANNING AGENCIES, AND OTHERS WHO ARE CONCERNED WITH JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION AND OPERATIONS AND WHO ARE CONSIDERING EFFECTIVENESS IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS. THE QUESTIONNAIRE, RESPONDENT COMMENTS, TABLES, SUMMARIES OF EACH STUDIED PROGRAM, AND AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 25 ITEMS ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED).
Index Term(s): Alabama; Arizona; Connecticut; Court case flow management; Court reorganization; Efficiency; Florida; Judges; Judicial process; Judicial rulemaking; Kansas; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Missouri; New York; Oregon; Organization studies; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; Washington
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68807

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