skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68820 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: AMERICAN INDIANS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN MINNESOTA
Author(s): R BENJAMIN; C N KIM
Corporate Author: University of Minnesota
Ctr for Urban and Regional Affairs
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 64
Sponsoring Agency: Minnesota Crime Control Planning Board (See Minnesota Criminal Justice Program)

National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN 55455
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Publication Number: 79-6
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT PRESENTS A STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF THE TREATMENT OF AMERICAN INDIANS, BLACKS, AND WHITES FROM ARREST THROUGH INCARCERATION USING CASE DATA FROM THE MINNESOTA BUREAU OF CRIMINAL APPREHENSION.
Abstract: IT IS THE FIRST OF TWO REPORTS WHICH ATTEMPT TO DEVELOP A DETAILED DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN'S RELATIONSHIP TO THE MINNESOTA CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. A SAMPLE OF 14,203 ACTUAL CASES WAS CREATED FROM THE DATA FILES OF THE MINNESOTA BUREAU OF CRIMINAL APPREHENSION'S COMPUTERIZED REPORTING SYSTEM. ONLY ARRESTS THAT LED TO A FELONY OR MISDEMEANOR CHARGE WERE INCLUDED. THE STUDY FOUND THAT ARREST RATES WERE HIGHER FOR AMERICAN INDIANS AND BLACKS THAN FOR WHITES, WHILE ARRESTED WHITES WERE MORE LIKELY TO SECURE BAIL THAN INDIANS. ACQUITTAL OR DISMISSAL RATES WERE HIGHER FOR INDIANS THAN FOR WHITES, AND A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF INDIANS SPENT TIME IN JAIL WITHOUT BAIL ONLY TO HAVE THEIR CASES DISMISSED. WHITES WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE PROBATION THAN INDIANS, AND THE NORTHERN COUNTIES SEEMED TO DISCRIMINATE AGAINST INDIANS MORE THAN THE TWIN CITIES AREA DID. FINALLY, ONCE INSIDE THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM, RACE DROPPED OUT AS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN HOW A PERSON WAS TREATED. THE DATA IN THIS REPORT SUGGEST THAT THE NUMBER OF FELONY CONVICTIONS AND TOTAL CONVICTIONS WAS MUCH LOWER FOR INDIANS THAN FOR WHITES. THE REPORT CONCLUDES THAT DISCRIMINATION IS EXPERIENCED NOT SO MUCH BECAUSE ONE IS BLACK OR AMERICAN INDIAN BUT, RATHER, BECAUSE BEING BLACK OR INDIAN TENDS TO MEAN THAT ONE WILL EXPERIENCE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INEQUALITIES AND THAT THESE INEQUALITIES WILL TEND TO CAUSE DISCRIMINATION. RACE DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE A SIGNIFICANT CAUSAL FACTOR FOR CRIME; RATHER, THE VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH POVERTY--FAMILY INSTABILITY, UNEMPLOYMENT, LOW EDUCATION, ALCOHOLISM, DRUG ABUSE, AND MENTAL AND PHYSICAL PROBLEMS--ARE MORE IMPORTANT. TABLES, A MAP, A GLOSSARY, AND 10 REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. THE SECOND REPORT DESCRIBES THE QUALITY OF LIFE AVAILABLE TO MINORITIES IN THE TWIN CITIES AND THEIR PERCEPTION OF LOCAL POLICE PERFORMANCE.
Index Term(s): American Indians; Black/African Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Comparative analysis; Minnesota; Racial discrimination
Note: RESEARCH REPORT
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68820

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.