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NCJ Number: 68835 Find in a Library
Title: EVALUATION METHODOLOGY IN A LARGE SCALE PROGRAM FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS-DELINQUENCY, DRUG ABUSE, AND ATTITUDE CHANGE
Author(s): W F SOSKIN; R L FISHER
Corporate Author: University of California, Berkeley
University Extension Project Community
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94704
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A NUMBER OF EVALUATION ISSUES COMMON TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS IN THE AREAS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH EVALUATORS TEND TO BE VIEWED BY OTHERS AND SOMETIMES BY THEMSELVES AS SCIENTIFIC AGENTS WHO REVEAL THE FINAL TRUTH ABOUT THE IMPACT OF PROGRAM INTERVENTIONS, EVALUATORS ARE THEMSELVES EXPERIMENTERS WHOSE EVALUATION DESIGNS, INSTRUMENTS, AND CRITERIA ARE RIDDLED WITH AMBIGUITIES AND LIMITATIONS. FOR EXAMPLE, FREQUENTLY THE TIME NEEDED TO DEVELOP THE INSTRUMENTS NECESSARY TO CONDUCT AN ADEQUATE EVALUATION OF A GIVEN PROGRAM IS NOT AVAILABLE. THE EVALUATOR THEN APPLIES A BATTERY OF INSTRUMENTS DEVELOPED BY OTHER INVESTIGATORS FOR SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT PURPOSES. FURTHER, GOVERNMENT GRANTS, UNDER WHICH MANY INTERVENTION PROGRAMS ARE FUNDED, HAVE TIME LIMITS THAT RESTRICT THE EXTENT AND CHARACTER OF CHANGE THAT CAN REALISTICALLY OCCUR OVER THAT TIME. WHICH GROUPS TO STUDY, WHAT SAMPLES ARE AVAILABLE, AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBGROUPS NEEDED FOR PROGRESSIVELY FINER ANALYSES ARE ALSO CRITICAL ASPECTS OF PREVENTION PROGRAM EVALUATION. ALSO, THE REPRESENTATIVENESS OF A SAMPLE MAY BE HAMPERED BY THE RESISTANCE OF SOME GROUPS TO PROGRAM PARTICIPATION. SAMPLE SIZE MAY BE LIMITED BY THE EVALUATION BUDGET. THE SEVERITY OF THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF SUBJECTS IN A GIVEN SAMPLE WILL ALSO DETERMINE THE KIND OF CHANGE THAT CAN REALISTICALLY BE EXPECTED OVER A GIVEN PERIOD OF TIME. WHILE THE SEVERELY HANDICAPPED MAY BE THE TARGET OF A GIVEN PROGRAM, MODERATE CASES MAY SHOW THE GREATEST IMPROVEMENT OVER THE SHORT TERM. EVALUATION CRITERIA SHOULD BE DEVELOPED WITH THE PERSPECTIVES OF VARIOUS INVOLVED OR INTERESTED GROUPS IN MIND (CLIENTS, FUNDING SOURCES, CLIENT PARENTS, EDUCATORS, ETC.). FINALLY, THE EVALUATION OF ANY PREVENTIVE PROGRAM IS ADVISED TO HAVE SEVERAL LEVELS OR KINDS OF CRITERIA, BECAUSE THE MORE WAYS IN WHICH A PROGRAM'S OUTCOME CAN BE INTERPRETED WITHIN THE FRAME OF REFERENCE OF INVOLVED OR INTERESTED GROUPS, THE MORE LIKELY IT IS TO RECEIVE CONTINUED SUPPORT.
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Evaluation; Evaluation criteria; Evaluation techniques; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); Program evaluation
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE EVALUATION, WASHINGTON, DC, FEBRUARY 21-24, 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68835

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