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NCJ Number: 68869 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL CLIMATE, EXTENT OF COMMUNITY LINKAGES, AND QUALITY OF COMMUNITY LINKAGES - THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION-NORMALIZATION CONTINUUM
Author(s): R B COATES; A D MILLER; L E OHLIN
Corporate Author: Harvard University Law School
Ctr for Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 88
Sponsoring Agency: Harvard University Law School
Cambridge, MA 02138
Massachusetts Governor's Cmtte on Law Enforcement and Admin of Criminal Justice

National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A NEW METHOD FOR CATEGORIZING JUVENILE OFFENDER TREATMENT PROGRAMS WHICH IS FOUNDED ON THE EXTENT AND QUALITY OF COMMUNITY LINKAGES IS SUGGESTED AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE TRADITIONAL RESIDENTIAL-NONRESIDENTIAL CATEGORIES.
Abstract: THE NEW METHOD ALLOWS A MORE ACCURATE DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAMS BY RATING THEM ON A CONTINUUM BETWEEN THE IDEAL EXTREMES OF A TOTAL INSTITUTION AND A NORMALIZED SETTING WHICH RESEMBLES A FAMILY SETTING WHERE YOUTH HAVE OPEN ACCESS TO THE COMMUNITY WITH APPROPRIATE CONTROLS BEING EXERCISED BY PARENTS. THE DIMENSIONS OF SOCIAL CLIMATE, THE EXTENT OF COMMUNITY LINKAGE, AND NATURE OF COMMUNITY LINKAGE ARE IDENTIFIED ON THE CONTINUUM. THE SOCIAL CLIMATE IS THE NATURE AND QUALITY OF RELATIONSHIPS AMONG YOUTH AND BETWEEN YOUTH AND STAFF. THE EXTENT OF COMMUNITY LINKAGE IS MEASURED THROUGH THE SUBDIMENSIONS OF FREQUENCY OF YOUTH CONTACTS WITH PEOPLE OUTSIDE AND OF THE DURATION OF SUCH CONTACTS. THE QUALITY OF COMMUNITY LINKAGE IS MEASURED THROUGH THE SUBDIMENSIONS OF COUMMUNICATION BETWEEN YOUTHS AND THE COMMUNITY. EMPIRICAL DOCUMENTATION OF THE CONTINUUM WAS OBTAINED PRIMARILY THROUGH DATA FROM INTERVIEWS WITH 570 YOUTHS AS THEY MOVED THROUGH VARIOUS PROGRAMS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH SERVICES, AND WITH 22 PROGRAM STAFF MEMBERS. THE YOUTHS WERE INTERVIEWED 3 MONTHS AFTER BEGINNING A PROGRAM OR UPON LEAVING A PROGRAM AT AN EARLIER TIME. AN INDEPTH, CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED ON 24 OF THE 132 PROGRAMS INVOLVED. AS A RESULT, SUBSTANTIAL DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND WITHIN THE CATEGORY OF NON-RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS, WITHIN THAT OF GROUP HOMES, AND OTHERS. FURTHERMORE, THE STUDY REVEALED A NUMBER OF CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUTH PLACEMENT, SUCH AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE MOST DISADVANTAGED YOUTHS IN THE MOST HELPFUL PROGRAMS AND PLACEMENT OF BLACK YOUTHS IN EITHER THE MOST OPEN NON-RESIDENTIAL SETTINGS OR IN THE SECURE FACILITIES, RATHER THAN IN GROUP HOMES, FORESTRY, OR BOARDING SCHOOL SETTINGS. OTHER RESULTS ARE DESCRIBED, AND PROGRAM RATING METHODS, QUESTIONNAIRES, STATISTICAL TABLES, AND FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional Day Programs; Corrections management; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile foster homes; Juvenile group houses; Residential child care institutions; State judicial councils
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68869

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