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NCJ Number: 68873 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INFLUENCE AND GANG MEMBERSHIP IN THREE JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Author(s): R T SIGLER
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 232
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73NI991026
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PATTERNS OF INFLUENCE IN INFORMAL PEER GROUPS IN THREE JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS MAINTAINED BY THE ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR DELINQUENTS BOYS ARE INVESTIGATED IN THIS DISSERTATION.
Abstract: THE SAMPLE COMPRISED ALL 106 INMATES IN 3 JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS. DATA WAS COLLECTED THROUGH AN EXTENSIVE QUESTIONNAIRE, AND GANG MEMBERS WERE IDENTIFIED WITH THE AID OF GIBBONS' TYPOLOGY OF DELINQUENT YOUTH. A 24-ITEM LIKERT SCALE ENABLED COMPARISONS BETWEEN GANG MEMBERS AND NONGANG MEMBERS IN THEIR ORIENTATION TOWARD SOCIETY. SOCIOMETRIC ITEMS IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE WERE USED TO MEASURE LEADERSHIP ROLES, FRIENDSHIP, AND SERVICES PROVIDED. THE RESULTS INDICATED THAT GANG MEMBERS WERE CHOSEN MORE FREQUENTLY THAN NONGANG MEMBERS FOR ALL GROUP SERVICES AND THAT GANG MEMBERS RATED ESPECIALLY HIGH FOR THE SERVICES OF PROTECTION AND CONTROL. CORE GANG MEMBERS ACQUIRE AN ORIENTATION TOWARDS DOMINATING OTHERS, AND THUS YOUTH LEADERS IN THE INSTITUTIONS TEND TO BE GANG MEMBERS. FURTHERMORE, GANG MEMBERS ARE MORE INCLINED TO BE ANTISOCIAL THAN OTHERS BECAUSE OF THEIR EXPERIENCES IN THE COMMUNITY; THEREFORE, YOUTHS WITH NEGATIVE ORIENTATIONS DOMINATE THE INSTITUTION AND IMPOSE THEIR NEGATIVE ORIENTATIONS ON THE GROUP. THE STUDY FINDINGS INDICATE THAT IF TREATMENT PROGRAMS OF THE GUIDED INTERACTION TYPE ARE TO BE EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENTED, INMATE LEADERS MUST BE CONTROLLED. TABLES, A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF APPROXIMATELY 140 REFERENCES, AND APPENDIXES CONTAINING INFORMATION ON THE ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS YOUTH DIVISION AND A COPY OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE ARE INCLUDED. FOOTNOTES ARE NOT PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavior typologies; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Illinois; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Leadership; Role perception
Note: UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI - COLUMBIA - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68873

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