skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68920 Find in a Library
Title: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCES (FROM INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCES, P 1-8, 1980, BY WILLIAM G ECKERT - SEE NCJ-71044)
Author(s): W G ECKERT
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: C V Mosby Co
St Louis, MO 63141
Sale Source: C V Mosby Co
11836 Westline Industrial Drive
St Louis, MO 63141
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN OVERVIEW OF FORENSIC SCIENCES IS PRESENTED IN THIS INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER OF THE WORK 'INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCES'; SPECIALTY AREAS SUCH AS TOXICOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY AND UNIQUE PROBLEMS ARE HIGHLIGHTED.
Abstract: THE PRIMARY TOOLS IN THE INVESTIGATION OF FORENSIC CASES HAVE ALWAYS BEEN OBSERVATION AND INTERPRETATION OF PHYSICAL FINDINGS. DURING THE LAST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY, SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES WERE FIRST APPLIED IN THE FIELDS OF CHEMISTRY, MICROSCOPY, AND PHOTOGRAPHY. THESE DEVELOPMENTS REVOLUTIONIZED THE MANNER OF CASE INVESTIGATION AND IMPROVED THE VALIDITY OF CONCLUSIONS DRAWN BY INVESTIGATORS. SCIENTIFIC LABORATORIES WITHIN POLICE ORGANIZATIONS EVOLVED FROM IDENTIFICATION FUNCTIONS. AMERICAN FORENSIC SCIENTISTS ARE NOW WELL ORGANIZED INTO THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, WHICH WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1950. WITHIN THE DISCIPLINE OF FORENSIC SCIENCES SEVERAL SPECIFIC AREAS OF EXPERTISE HAVE EVOLVED: PATHOLOGY AND BIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, ODONTOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY, QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS, CRIMINALISTICS, AND JURISPRUDENCE. FORENSIC PATHOLOGY IS A SPECIALTY OF MEDICINE AND A SUBSPECIALTY OF PATHOLOGY. IT INVOLVES THE STUDY OF THE PROBLEMS RELATED TO UNNATURAL DEATH AND VARIOUS TYPES OF TRAUMA TO THE LIVING. BIOLOGICAL TESTING OF EVIDENCE INCLUDES BLOOD TYPE INVESTIGATION AND STAIN IDENTIFICATION FOR CONTENT. TOXICOLOGY DEALS WITH THE DETECTION OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES IN BODY TISSUES AND FLUIDS. FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGISTS ARE EXPERTS IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF BONES AND SKELETAL REMAINS. ODONTOLOGISTS PROVIDE INFORMATION THROUGH EXAMINATION OF TEETH AND DENTAL PROTHESES. CRIMINALISTICS REQUIRES SEVERAL TYPES OF EXPERTISE INCLUDING BALLISTICS, EXPLOSIVE DEVICES, AND SOIL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES. FORENSIC CASES INVOLVING THE LIVING FREQUENTLY FOCUS ON ALCOHOL INTOXICATION, SEXUAL PROBLEMS, SELF-INFLICTION OF SELF, AND IATROGENIC PROBLEMS. AS PART OF THEIR GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES, PATHOLOGISTS MUST DEAL WITH EXAMINATION OF DECEASED PERSONS. IN MEDICOLEGAL CASES, PERMISSION FOR EXAMINATION IS OBTAINED THROUGH THE CORONER, WHO ESTABLISHES THE CAUSE OF DEATH, AS REQUIRED BY STATUTE. ACCURATE DOCUMENTATION OF SUCH CASES IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.
Index Term(s): Criminal investigation; Forensic medicine; Medicolegal considerations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68920

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.