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NCJ Number: 69075 Find in a Library
Title: NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS
Author(s): D MCGILLIS
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-013-78
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS POLICY BRIEF DESCRIBES PROGRAMS FOR RESOLVING MINOR DISPUTES WITHOUT ARREST OR FORMAL COURT ACTION USING CONCILIATION, MEDIATION, OR ARBITRATION TECHNIQUES TO DEAL WITH INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS.
Abstract: EFFECTIVE ADJUDICATION IN MANY CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES IS HAMPERED BY EXTENSIVE DELAYS, LIMITED ACCESS, HIGH DISMISSAL RATES, AND INEFFECTIVE PROCEDURES. SUPPORT, THEREFORE, HAS GROWN FOR ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION MECHANISMS SUCH AS NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS. SUCH CENTERS OR SIMILAR PROJECTS TEND TO FOCUS ON DISPUTES AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE AN ONGOING RELATIONSHIP, SUCH AS LANDLORDS AND TENANTS. CENTERS RECEIVE REFERRALS FROM MANY SOURCES, VARY IN ACTIVE PURSUIT OF CLIENTS, AND MAY ATTEMPT TO SETTLE DISPUTES THROUGH CONCILIATION BEFORE SCHEDULING A FORMAL MEDIATION OR ARBITRATION SESSION. IN ADDITION, STAFF OFTEN HAVE VARIED BACKGROUNDS, MOST COMMONLY IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, AND MEDIATORS AND ARBITRATORS UNDERGO RIGOROUS TRAINING PROGRAMS. PLANNERS INTERESTED IN STARTING SUCH CENTERS SHOULD BEGIN BY DEFINING LOCAL NEEDS. CURRENT COURT CAPACITY FOR PROCESSING MINOR DISPUTES CAN BE DETERMINED BY REVIEWING DATA ON COURT CASELOAD SIZE, BACKLOGS, AVERAGE PROCESSING DELAYS, ETC.; ASSESSING THE AVAILABILITY OF LOCAL FORUMS FOR ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE PROCESSING (BETTER BUSINESS BUREAUS, HOUSING AUTHORITIES, AND SO ON); AND ESTABLISHING A PLANNING BOARD. SEVERAL TYPES OF SPONSORS HAVE BEEN USED FOR CENTERS, INCLUDING PUBLIC SPONSORSHIP (E.G., THE MIAMI CITIZEN DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROGRAM), PRIVATE SPONSORSHIP (E.G., THE ROCHESTER COMMUNITY DISPUTE SERVICES PROJECT), AND PRIVATE SPONSORSHIP WITH A COMMUNITY RATHER THAN JUSTICE SYSTEM ORIENTATION. FUNDING SOURCES HAVE INCLUDED CITY, COUNTY, AND STATE GOVERNMENTS, THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION, LEAA, AND THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. LEGISLATIVE SUPPORT CAN PROMOTE AND GUIDE THE DEVELOPMENT OF APPROPRIATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION ALTERNATIVES. STATES CONSIDERING ASSISTING JUSTICE CENTER DEVELOPMENT HAVE NUMEROUS OPTIONS, INCLUDING FINANCIAL SUPPORT, CONFIDENTIALITY SAFEGUARDS, AND LIMITATIONS ON STAFF CIVIL LIABILITY. POLICYMAKERS IN THE EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCHES CAN ALSO PROVIDE VALUED SUPPORT. SOURCES FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ARE GIVEN. AN APPENDIX PROVIDES SAMPLE LEGISLATION SUPPORTING JUSTICE CENTERS.
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; Arbitration; Conflict resolution; Dispute processing; Neighborhood justice centers
Note: POLICY BRIEFS 2D EDITION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69075

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