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NCJ Number: 69116 Find in a Library
Title: JUROR CHARACTERISTICS - TO WHAT EXTENT ARE THEY RELATED TO JURY VERDICTS?
Journal: JUDICATURE  Volume:64  Issue:1  Dated:(JUNE/JULY 1980)  Pages:22-31
Author(s): C J MILLS; W E BOHANNON
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 10
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE RELATIONSHIP OF A JUROR'S SEX, RACE, AGE, AND EDUCATION TO JURY DECISIONMAKING IS STUDIED IN 117 FEMALE AND 80 MALE JURORS IN BALTIMORE.
Abstract: THE MAILED QUESTIONNAIRE (SENT ORIGINALLY TO 226 MALES AND 324 FEMALES RANDOMLY SELECTED FROM BALTIMORE JURY PANELS) FOCUSED ON THE JURY DECISION REACHED, THE JURORS' PERCEPTION OF THEIR ROLE IN THE JURY PROCESS, THEIR EFFECTIVENESS IN THAT ROLE, AND THE JURORS' ATTITUDE CONCERNING THE FINAL OUTCOME. DATA FROM EACH QUESTIONNAIRE ITEM BROKEN DOWN BY SEX, RACE, EDUCATION, AND AGE WERE ANALYZED BY COMPUTING CHI-SQUARES. THE RESULTS INDICATED THAT SEX AND RACE INTERACTIONS WERE PARTICULARLY STRONG WITH REGARD TO ALMOST ALL EXPLORED ASPECTS. REACHING 67 PERCENT OF ALL GUILTY VERDICTS, FEMALE JURORS WERE MORE CONVICTION-PRONE THAN MALES, BUT THIS DIFFERENCE APPLIED ESPECIALLY TO BLACK MALES AND FEMALES. AGE AND EDUCATION WERE SIGNIFICANT TO THE VERDICT ONLY FOR MALES: AS AGE INCREASED, THEY BECAME MORE LIKELY TO CONVICT; CONVERSELY, MALES OF HIGHER EDUCATION LEVELS BECAME MORE LIKELY TO ACQUIT. FEMALES DID NOT PERCEIVE THEMSELVES AS INFLUENTIAL IN THE JURY, AND THE ODDS OF FEMALES SERVING AS JURY FOREMEN WERE ONLY HALF THOSE OF MALES. CONTRARY TO EXPECTATIONS, WOMEN WERE NOT FOUND TO BE MORE EMPHATIC THAN MEN IN TERMS OF GUILTY VERDICTS OR WHEN CONSIDERING A DEFENDANT'S INTENTIONS. THEY WERE, HOWEVER, MORE LIKELY TO AGREE WITH THE DECISION THE JURY REACHED IN THE END. THE RESULTS SUPPORT THE UTILITY OF STUDYING SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS AS AN AID TO UNDERSTANDING JUROR BEHAVIOR, AND FURTHER RESEARCH IS RECOMMENDED. THE STUDY IS SUPPORTED BY STATISTICAL CHARTS AND GRAPHS. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Demography; Juror characteristics; Jury decisionmaking; Statistical analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69116

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