skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 69139 Find in a Library
Title: COMPARISON OF DELINQUENCY TRENDS - JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:18  Issue:1  Dated:(MAY 1980)  Pages:53-61
Author(s): R G MARTIN; R D CONGER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: COMPARATIVE DATA ARE PRESENTED ASSESSING TRENDS IN JUVENILE CRIME RATES FOR JAPAN AND THE U.S. WHICH SHOW THAT THE RATE IN THE U.S. HAS INCREASED SUBSTANTIALLY WHILE REMAINING ESSENTIALLY STABLE IN JAPAN.
Abstract: BETWEEN 1962 AND 1971 CRIME RATES IN WESTERN CITIES SUCH AS CHICAGO, LONDON, AND WEST BERLIN SHOWED INCREASES OF FROM 30 TO 300 PERCENT. IN CONTRAST, TOKYO'S CRIME RATES PER 100,000 POPULATION DECLINED BY 13 PERCENT AND OSAKA'S BY 37 PERCENT. MOEREOVER, THESE REDUCTIONS OCCURRED IN THE MIDST OF DRAMATIC INDUSTRIAL GROWTH AND URBANIZATION, EVENTS USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASING CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. IN THIS STUDY, THE AGE-ADJUSTED TRENDS FOR JUVENILE COURT CASES AND OF JUVENILE ARRESTS IN JAPAN AND THE U.S. CONFIRM EARLIER RESEARCH WHICH SUGGESTED THAT JAPAN HAS BEEN RELATIVELY MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN THE U.S. IN CONTAINING THE CRIME PROBLEM. THE FIGURES INDICATE THAT DELINQUENCY IN JAPAN HAS STABILIZED WHILE THE U.S. HAS SEEN A REMARKABLE INCREASE OVER THE PAST DECADE. THERE IS NO EVIDENCE, HOWEVER, THAT THE RATE OF JUVENILE CRIME HAS DECLINED IN JAPAN, AS HAS BEEN THE CASE FOR OVERALL RATES OF CRIMINALITY IN THAT COUNTRY. WHILE IN THE U.S. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE DELINQUENCY PROBLEM ARE EXPANDING AT A GREATER RATE THAN THE INCREASE IN THE TEEN-AGE POPULATION IN THE U.S., THE DATA SHOWS THAT THE JAPANESE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO CONTAIN DELINQUENCY RATES, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF A DECREASE IN THE TOTAL NUMBER OF POTENTIAL JUVENILE OFFENDERS. CULTURAL VARIABLES, SUCH AS THE PERVASIVE NETWORK OF INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROLS IN JAPAN MAY ACCOUNT FOR MUCH OF THE ABILITY OF THE JAPANESE TO CONTROL CRIME. HOWEVER, TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE DATA, THE STUDY SUGGESTS THAT FUTURE RESEARCH EXAMINE THE CHANGING NATURE OF ECONOMIC CONDITIONS IN BOTH COUNTRIES, AS WELL AS THE IMPACT OF BROAD SOCIAL UNREST IN THE U.S. OVER THE PAST DECADE. FOOTNOTES AND REFERENCES ARE APPENDED.
Index Term(s): Crime Rate; Japan; Juvenile statistics; Multinational studies; National crime statistics; Socioculture; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69139

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.