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NCJ Number: 69163 Find in a Library
Title: DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION - A HUMAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL FOR DEFINING THE PROBLEM AND DEVISING SOLUTIONS
Journal: DRUG FORUM  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1977-1978)  Pages:387-397
Author(s): B SUGARMAN
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PREVENTION OF DRUG ABUSE IS GENERALLY AGREED TO BE A MORE EFFECTIVE AND LESS COSTLY APPROACH TO DEALING WITH THE PROBLEM THAN EITHER A DEPENDENCE ON CONTROL STRATEGIES OR TREATMENT PROGRAMS AFTER THE FACT.
Abstract: DRUG ABUSE IS FREQUENTLY THE RESULT OF DEFICITS IN THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT PROCESS AND DRUG ABUSE IS ONE OF A NUMBER OF BEHAVIOR PATTERNS WITH WHICH THE INDIVIDUAL ATTEMPTS TO FILL AN 'EMOTIONAL VACUUM.' VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTE TO THIS DEFICIENT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS, AND IT IS ARGUED THAT EFFECTIVE DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION MUST INVOLVE THE IMPROVEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT. A DISTINCTION IS MADE BETWEEN PRIMARY PREVENTION, SECONDARY PREVENTION (EARLY TREATMENT), AND REHABILITATION. LISTED UNDER THE HEADING OF 'PRIMARY PREVENTION' ARE SEVEN DISTINCT LEVELS OF INTERVENTION ON WHICH THE GOALS OF DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION MAY BE SET. THESE LEVELS OF INTERVENTION ARE (1) PROGRAMS FOR YOUTH OF PUBLIC SCHOOL AGE; (2) FAMILY PROGRAMS WHICH INCLUDE BOTH PARENTS AND CHILDREN WORKING TOGETHER; (3) PARENT EDUCATION, ESPECIALLY BEFORE PARENTHOOD BEGINS; (4) A COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN WHICH AGE GROUPS ARE INTEGRATED; (5) THE LEGAL AND POLITICAL FRAMEWORK; (6) THE ROLE OF RELIGION GIVING MEANING TO LIVES; AND (7) THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM. TRUE PRIMARY PREVENTION REQUIRES A CLEAR ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE PROBLEM AND PLANNING PREVENTION PROGRAMS IN THE LIGHT OF THE LEVELS OUTLINED. PRIMARY PREVENTION INVOLVES INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE WHICH PROMISES A WIDE SPECTRUM OF DESIRABLE RESULTS, OF WHICH REDUCING DRUG ABUSE IS ONLY ONE. THIRTEEN REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Drug prevention programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69163

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