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NCJ Number: 69170 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ORIGINS OF SECTARIAN ASSASSINATION - THE CASE OF BELFAST (NORTHERN IRELAND) (FROM INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM CURRENT RESEARCH AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS, P 41-53, 1980, BY ALAN D BUCKLEY AND DANIEL D OLSON - SEE NCJ-71072)
Author(s): R N LEBOW
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Avery Publishing Group, Inc
Wayne, NJ 07470
National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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Avery Publishing Group, Inc
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Wayne, NJ 07470
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: REASONS FOR SECTARIAN ASSASSINATION IN NORTHERN IRELAND ARE EXPLORED, AND THE VARIETY AND COMPLEXITY OF SUCH KILLING IN THE CITY OF BELFAST ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: SECTARIAN ASSASSINATION IS DEFINED AS THE PREMEDITATED KILLING OF A MEMBER OF THE OPPOSING COMMUNITY MERELY BY REASON OF A PARTICULAR IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTIC. LARGELY IMPERSONAL, SECTARIAN ASSASSINATION OCCURS DUE TO A PERCEPTION OF THE VICTIM AS A REPRESENTATIVE OF AN ETHNIC, LINGUISTIC, OR RELIGIOUS GROUP, RATHER THAT DUE TO THE VICTIM'S PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES. IN BELFAST, SECTARIAN ASSASSINATION TAKES THE FORM OF LOW INTENSITY WARFARE BETWEEN THE PROTESTANT AND CATHOLIC COMMUNITIES. MOST COMMONLY, ASSASSINATION SQUADS OPERATE FROM CARS AND ABDUCT OR KILL VICTIMS ON THE FRINGES OF WORKING-CLASS GHETTOS. THE BELFAST EXPERIENCE SUGESTS THAT THERE ARE CERTAIN KINDS OF CONDITIONS WHICH ARE LIKELY TO FACILITATE SUCH VIOLENCE, INCLUDING AN ATTITUDE OF COMPLIANCE ON THE PART OF THE ASSASSINS' COMMUNITY; THE DEGREE OF COMMUNITY CONTROL EXERCISED BY EXTREMIST GROUPS, WHICH HAS PARALLELED TTE DECLINING POWER OF CENTRAL AUTHORITIES; AND THE EXISTENCE OF APPARENT POLITICAL-MILITARY STALEMATE. THIS VIOLENCE IS UNLIKELY TO DISAPPEAR IN THE ABSENCE OF A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT. YET, THE VIOLENCE POLARIZING THE TWO COMMUNITIES FURTHER DIMINISHES THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH A SETTLEMENT. THE ANALYSIS INCLUDES CHARACTERISTICS OF THE KILLERS AND THE VICTIMS. TABLES AND 25 REFERENCE NOTES ARE PROVIDED. FOR RELATED ARTICLES, SEE NCJ 69169. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Assassination; Irish Republican Army (IRA); Northern Ireland; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Religion; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism causes
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69170

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