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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 69306 Find in a Library
Title: DIVERSION - A STUDY OF ALTERNATIVE PROCESSING PRACTICES - AN OVERVIEW OF INITIAL STUDY FINDINGS
Author(s): D S ELLIOTT; B A KNOWLES
Corporate Author: Behavioral Research Instit
United States of America
Project Director: F W DUNFORD
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Behavioral Research Instit
Boulder, CO 80302
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY EVALUATED SCREENING (LECTURE AND RELEASE), DIVERSION, AND REFERRAL TO JUVENILE COURTS AS THREE ALTERNATIVE PROCESSING PRACTICES AVAILABLE TO POLICE DEALING WITH JUVENILE OFFENDERS.
Abstract: THE EMPHASIS WAS UPON DIVERSION WHICH PROVIDES FOR SOME TREATMENT OR SERVICE OUTSIDE THE JUSTICE SYSTEM, COMPARED TO SCREENING WHICH IMPLIES NO FURTHER LEGAL ACTION OR TREATMENT AND COURT REFERRAL WHICH PROVIDES FOR TREATMENT AND SERVICES WITHIN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM. COMPARATIVE STUDIES WERE CONDUCTED ON 245 YOUTHS LECTURED AND RELEASED IN BOULDER, COLO., SAN ANTONIO, TEX., AND KANSAS CITY, MO.; 277 DIVERTED; AND 244 REFERRED TO COURT. T TESTS, VARIANCE ANALYSES, MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSES, AND A THEORETICAL MODEL SPECIFIED IN THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE PREVENTION OF DELINQUENCY WERE USED. OVERALL, FINDINGS SHOWED DISPOSITION TO BE A FACTOR IN RECIDIVISM, WITH INITIAL AND CHANGING LEVELS OF SELF-REPORTED DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR APPEARING TO BE THE BEST PREDICTORS OF RECIDIVISM, FOLLOWED BY THE NUMBER OF PRIOR CONTACTS WITH THE JUSTICE SYSTEM. YET, REARREST APPEARS TO BE MORE CLOSELY TIED TO ONGOING DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR THAN TO DISPOSITION DECISIONS OR PERCEIVED LABELING RESULTING FROM OFFICIAL PROCESSING. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DISPOSITION AND RECIDIVISM DID VARY BY OFFENDER TYPE; FOR NORMAL YOUTH IN PARTICULAR THOSE WITH NO SCHOOL OR PARENTAL DIFFICULTIES OR NEGATIVE PEER PRESSURE), THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DISPOSITION AND RECIDIVISM WAS SIGNIFICANT, BUT THOSE DIVERTED HAD SUBSTANTIALLY HIGHER RATES OF RECIDIVISM THAN DID THOSE SCREENED. THE HYPOTHESIS THAT DIVERSION LEADS TO LOWER RATES OF SUBSEQUENT DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR THAN TRADITIONAL PROCESSING WAS NOT SUPPORTED. MOREOVER, THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE DIVERSION ALTERNATIVE RESULTS IN MORE FAVORABLE CHANGE IN PERCEIVED OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL GOALS, RELATIONSHIPS WITH PARENTS, ATTITUDES TOWARDS SCHOOL, AND FEELINGS OF ALIENATION WAS NOT SUPPORTED. THE IMPACT OF SERVICES APPEARED TO BE UNIFORMLY NEGATIVE ON SUBSEQUENT ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR AND PARTICULARLY UPON PARENT-YOUTH RELATIONSHIPS.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile processing
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69306

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