skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 69338 Find in a Library
Title: BEYOND THE SUBCULTURE OF VIOLENCE - AN EVOLUTIONARY AND HISTORICAL APPROACH TO SOCIAL CONTROL (FROM CRIME AND DEVIANCE, P 181-210, 1980, BY GRAEME R NEWMAN - SEE NCJ-69332)
Author(s): C HAFT-PICKER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE PROPOSES, AS AN ALTERNATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE, -- A THEORY WHICH PORTRAYS VIOLENCE AS THE TOOL OF SOCIAL CONTROL IN THE EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENT OF JUSTICE SYSTEMS.
Abstract: THE LIMITATIONS OF THE SUBCULTURE OF VIOLENCE THEORY ARE DISCUSSED, AND THE IMPORTANCE OF REESTABLISHING CONCEPTUAL LINKS BETWEEN EVOLUTION AND CULTURE IS UNDERLINED. BY REESTABLISHING SUCH CONCEPTUAL LINKS, FURTHER EFFORTS CAN DEFINE CULTURE FROM A SEMIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE (THE STUDY OF SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS) AND APPROACH THE PURPOSE OF CULTURE AS AN ALTERNATIVE ADAPTIVE MECHANISM TO SURVIVAL. LIKE THE EVOLUTION OF BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS, THE EVOLUTION OF PARALLEL BUT DISTINCT SOLUTIONS TO THE SURVIVAL DILEMMA HAS BEEN MET BY THE EVOLUTIONARY ORGANIZATION OF HUMAN BEINGS INTO SOCIAL CONTROL SYSTEMS. FOR EXAMPLE, THE FEUDING RESPONSE, ONE FORM OF SOCIAL CONTROL, HAS BEEN CONSISTENTLY EVOKED THROUGHOUT HISTORY AS A RESPONSE TO EXTERNAL THREATS, SUCH AS CHAOTIC CONDITIONS AND ECOLOGICAL SCARCITY. IN ADDITION, WHEREVER FEUDING HAS BEEN A PHENOMENON, CERTAIN THEMES HAVE BEEN UNIVERSAL IN ITS DEVELOPMENT: SURVIVAL THREATS, FEAR, HONOR AND SHAME, AND VIOLENCE. WHEN A CULTURE RESORTS TO VIOLENCE IN SETTLING INTERNAL DISPUTES, IT IS RESORTING TO A FEUDING RESPONSE AS THE MEANS OF ESTABLISHING AN INFORMAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. VIOLENCE THUS BECOMES THE INTANGIBLE COMMODITY AROUND WHICH A HIERARCHICAL ORDERING OF RELATIONSHIPS IS ESTABLISHED AND JUSTICE MAINTAINED. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Deviance; Social control theory; Sociology; Subculture theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69338

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.