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NCJ Number: 69421 Find in a Library
Title: INTERPRETING THE RELATIVE RECIDIVISM RATES OF OFFENDERS AND MENTAL PATIENTS
Author(s): S A RIBNER; H J STEADMAN
Corporate Author: New York State Dept of Mental Hygiene
Bureau of Special Projects Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
New York State Dept of Mental Hygiene
Albany, NY 12229
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Washington, DC 20203
Grant Number: MH 17431
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE STUDY EXAMINES POSSIBLE REASONS WHY THE RECIDIVISM RATES OF OFFENDERS ARE HIGHER THAN THOSE OF EX-MENTAL PATIENTS.
Abstract: RELEASED OFFENDERS HAD SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER OVERALL RECIDIVISM RATES THAN EX-MENTAL PATIENTS RELEASED TO THE ALBANY COUNTY, NEW YORK, AREA FOR BOTH 1968 AND 1975. LIKEWISE, FORMER PATIENTS HAD HIGHER RATES OF ARREST THAN THE GENERAL POPULATION FOR BOTH YEARS. THE 1968 EX-OFFENDER SAMPLE'S ARREST RATE PER 1,000 WAS 267.8, COMPARED WITH THE EX-PATIENT RATE OF 77.9 PER 1,000 AND THE GENERAL POPULATION RATE OF 17.5 PER 1,000. EX-OFFENDERS IN 1975 HAD A 695.0 PER 1,000 GENERAL POPULATION RATE. THE STUDY WAS COMPOSED OF ALL PERSONS RELEASED IN ALBANY COUNTY, NEW YORK, IN 1975 AND 1968 FROM STATE MENTAL HOSPITALS AND FROM THE STATE PRISONS OR THE COUNTY JAIL. MENTAL PATIENT GROUPS NUMBERED 307 AND 204; OFFENDERS NUMBERED 167 AND 252. THE STUDY FOUND THAT SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER PROPORTIONS OF RELEASED PATIENTS AND EX-OFFENDERS RECIDIVATE IF THEY ARE YOUNG AND HAVE MULTIPLE PRIOR ARRESTS. FOR RELEASED PATIENTS, PRIOR ARREST WAS MORE STRONGLY ASSOCIATED WITH SUBSEQUENT ARREST THAN AGE, BUT FOR OFFENDERS, AGE WAS MORE STRONGLY RELATED THAN PRIOR ARRESTS. THE FINDINGS HAVE IMPLICATIONS FOR DIFFERENTIAL POLICIES FOR DETENTION IN CORRECTIONAL AND MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEMS. PRESENT POLICY JUSTIFICATIONS FOR DIFFERENTIAL RELEASE STATUTES FOR OFFENDERS AND PATIENTS ARE NOT SUPPORTED BY FINDINGS BUT ALIGNED TO LONG-STANDING PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD DIFFERENTIAL FORMS OF COERCIVE CONTROL FOR MENTAL PATIENTS AND FOR OFFENDERS. STEREOTYPE RATHER THAN EMPIRICAL FACT APPEARS TO DOMINATE PUBLIC POLICY. TABLES AND 12 REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Ex-offenders; Mentally ill offenders; New York; Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69421

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