skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 69486 Find in a Library
Title: CALIFORNIA STATUTE AB 3121 IMPACT EVALUATION - FINAL REPORT - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Author(s): D JOHNS; J BOTTCHER
Corporate Author: California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of the Youth Authority
Sacramento, CA 95823
California Office of Criminal Justice Planning
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY IS PROVIDED OF AN EVALUATION OF A CALIFORNIA LAW THAT MANDATES ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES FOR DEALING WITH STATUS OFFENDERS AND THE JUVENILE COURT'S HANDLING OF CRIMINAL OFFENDERS.
Abstract: CHAPTER 1071, STATUTES OF 1976 (AB 3121) WAS IMPLEMENTED ON JANUARY 1, 1977. THIS CHANGE IN THE LAW WAS DESIGNED TO ENCOURAGE ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES FOR DEALING WITH STATUS OFFENDERS (601'S) BY MANDATING THE DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF 601'S AND ALLOWING FOR MORE PROBATION AND COMMUNITY SERVICES. THE LAW ALSO CHANGED THE JUVENILE COURT'S HANDLING OF CRIMINAL OFFENDERS BY INTRODUCING A PROSECUTING ATTORNEY TO FILE ALL 602 PETITIONS AND ATTEND ALL HEARINGS, REQUIRING RULES OF EVIDENCE IN JUVENILE PROCEEDINGS, AND REVISING HEARING PRESUMPTION REGARDING FITNESS TO EASE THE MOVEMENT OF 16- AND 17-YEAR-OLD VIOLENT OFFENDERS TO ADULT COURT. IN THE 3 YEARS SINCE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LAW, MOST PROVISIONS HAVE BEEN IMPLEMENTED BY THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM. DATA FOR THE IMPACT EVALUATION WERE COLLECTED FROM FOUR PRINCIPAL SOURCES: A RECORD SEARCH OF COHORTS OF YOUTH PRIOR TO AND SUBSEQUENT TO THE START OF AB 3121, A SUBSTUDY RECORDS SEARCH OF COHORTS OF 601 YOUTH FROM TWO STUDY COUNTIES PRIOR TO AND AFTER THE START OF AB 3121, INTERVIEWS WITH SELECTED COUNTY PERSONNEL, AND AGGREGATE DATA FROM INFORMATION SYSTEMS OF STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES. IN GENERAL, THE IMPACT OF THE BILL WAS IN THE EXPECTED DIRECTION: ARRESTS OF 601'S HAVE DECREASED; 601'S WERE NOT HOUSED IN SECURE FACILITIES; 602 DISPOSITIONS BECAME MORE SEVERE FOR THE MOST SERIOUS OFFENSES; AND THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE FILING OF 602 PETITIONS RESULTED IN A COURT SETTING SIMILAR TO AN ADULT COURT. ISSUES REMAINING TO BE RESOLVED ARE OCCASIONAL INSUFFICIENT ALTERNATIVE 601 PROGRAMMING AND FUNDING; SECURE VERSUS NONSECURE DETENTION OF 601'S WHO RESIST FAMILY COUNSELING OR FOSTER CARE; AND THE REMAND PROCESS, WHICH DOES NOT NECESSARILY FACILITATE THE MOVEMENT OF VIOLENT OFFENDERS TO ADULT COURT IN THE MANNER EXPECTED. TABULAR AND GRAPHIC DATA ARE PROVIDED IN THE FULL REPORT. FOR THE FULL REPORT, SEE NCJ 69485.
Index Term(s): California; Juvenile codes; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile processing; Juvenile status offenders; Program evaluation; Status offender deinstitutionalization; Summaries
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69486

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.