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NCJ Number: 69513 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RESEARCH ON PROSECUTORIAL DECISIONMAKING, PHASE 1 - FINAL REPORT
Author(s): J E JACOBY; E C RATLEDGE; S H TURNER
Corporate Author: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 178
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS AND RESULTS OBTAINED FROM ADMINISTERING A STANDARD SET OF CASES IN FOUR PROSECUTORS' OFFICES ARE PRESENTED IN THIS REPORT.
Abstract: THE GENERAL PURPOSE OF THIS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY WAS TO DEVELOP STATISTICAL CONCEPTS AND TOOLS THAT COULD BE USED TO EXPRESS THE EXTENT OF UNIFORMITY AND CONSISTENCY IN THE PROSECUTOR'S DECISIONMAKING FUNCTION IN QUANTITATIVE TERMS AND TO SET A BASE FOR COMPARATIVE STUDIES. TWO TEST INSTRUMENTS WERE DEVELOPED: (1) A STANDARD CASE SET OF 160 CRIMINAL CASES OF VARYING TYPE AND SERIOUSNESS WHICH ARE PRESENTED IN A 'STATEMENT OF FACT' FORMAT; (2) A CASE EVALUATION FORM WHICH COLLECTS INFORMATION ABOUT EACH CASE'S PRIORITY FOR PROSECUTION, ACCEPTANCE FOR PROSECUTION, AND EXPECTED DISPOSTIONAL INFORMATION. THIS REPORT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS: THE FIRST DISPLAYS AND COMMENTS ON THE RESPONSES TO THE EVALUATION OF THE CASES; IT NOTES THE DEGREE OF THE EVALUATION'S EXPLANATORY POWER, ITS SENSITIVITY IN DESCRIBING AN OFFICE'S POLICY AND PROCEDURES, AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH IT HAS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS POWER. THE SECOND PART EXAMINES THE USE OF THE STANDARD CASE SET TO MEASURE THE AMOUNT OF CONSISTENCY THAT EXISTS BETWEEN ASSISTANTS AND THE PROSECUTOR, THE AMOUNT OF UNIFORMITY THAT EXISTS INTERNALLY AMONG ASSISTANTS, AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE CONSISTENCY IS CHANGED WHEN THE POLICY LEADER IN ONE OFFICE IS TRANSFERRED TO ANOTHER. THE THIRD PART EXAMINES AND NOTES THOSE VARIABLES OBTAINED FROM THE TESTING THAT HAVE STRONG EXPLANATIORY POWER WITH RESPECT TO THE OTHERS. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THESE RELATIONSHIPS FOR PLANNING AND PREDICTION PURPOSES ARE PRESENTED. THE REPORT FOCUSES EXCLUSIVELY ON A DISCUSSION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF THE DEPENDENT VARIABLES. FURTHER ANALYSIS OF THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES WILL BE FORTHCOMING IN OTHER REPORTS. THE LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE ADMINISTRATION FUNDED THIS RESEARCH. INCLUDED ARE TABLES, CHARTS, GRAPHS, AND APPENDIXES CONTAINING A SAMPLE OF CASES AND THE EVALUATION FORM, A COMPARISON OF STANDARD DEVIATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH CASES BY RESPONSES AND SITE, AND INFORMATION ON DATA PROCESSING TECHNIQUES AND A SERIOUSNESS SCALE. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED.)
Index Term(s): Decisionmaking; Evaluation measures; Evaluation techniques; Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA); Prosecution; Prosecutorial discretion; Prosecutors; Standards
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=69513

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