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NCJ Number: 69696 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Diversion From the Juvenile Justice System and Its Impact on Children - A Review of the Literature
Author(s): S Meyer
Corporate Author: Decision Dynamics Corporation
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 228
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
Decision Dynamics Corporation
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Canada Solicitor General
Communications Group
Programs Branch
340 Lauier Avenue West
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8,

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This review summarizes and assesses research and commentary on the agencies that traditionally screen young people to and from the juvenile justice system, and the 'new diversion' which is being proposed.
Abstract: Informal decisions have always been an integral part of the community's handling of delinquency, although the extent to which this discretion is exercised varies greatly by location. In the examination of research in these areas, an attempt is made to clarify how decisions to screen children from court intervention are currently being made, and what consequences would arise if these practices were altered by the introduction of formal diversion. Labeling theory has had an impact on the development of diversion, since theorists believe involvement in the juvenile justice system increases, rather than reduces, the young person's commitment to deviant norms. Among issues that have arisen in the literature are confusion over the definition of diversion and the consequent ambiguity of the term, the multiplicity of goals and the absence of priorities among them, and the problems of coercion. Ways in which the new diversion has been implemented are described as they relate to legal programs, the youth service bureau, and other paralegal and nonlegal programs. Evaluations of diversionary programs and their drawbacks are reviewed. Four basic stages which should be taken in any diversion assessment are presented and related to the research on diversion. Potential consequences of diversion that might not be anticipated by its advocates are also outlined. That careful attention must be paid to the definitional issues and the specific objectives of diversion is emphasized. A list of 21 references is provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Canada; Discretionary decisions; Diversion programs; Juvenile court diversion; Literature reviews; Prosecutorial screening; Status offender diversion; United States of America
Note: Research report
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