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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 69943 Find in a Library
Title: Situational Factors in the Relationship Between Alcohol and Crime
Author(s): P M Roman
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
New York City Dept of Probation
Albany, NY 12207
Research Triangle Institute
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Grant Number: 1-R18-AA01504
Publication Number: Report 2-8
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Studies of empirical relationships between situational contexts of drinking and occurrence of criminal behavior are needed to explain the relationship between alcohol and crime.
Abstract: In spite of the popular assumption of the causal relationship between alcohol abuse and crime, the number of drinking events known to be concomitant with criminal behavior is very small relative to the total number of drinking events. However, ethanol consumption is disinhibiting and usually occurs in normative circumstances in which controls are relaxed in anticipation of the disinhibition. This often results in a range of forms of aggression that increase in frequency with the blood alcohol concentration obtained. Some proportion of these deviant acts come to be defined as criminal through a series of systematic social reactions. Therefore, empirical research should be done on the relationship between anomie (the absence of structures to elicit sanctions against aggressive acts) and excessive drinking and between anomie and crime. Such research would probably reveal anomie to facilitate the occurrence of aggression concomitant with alcohol consumption. The content of normative structures vis-a-vis aggressive behavior and alcohol consumption should also be studied, since it interacts with the degree of anomie, with the effects of normative content either muted or accentuated by the degree of normative structure in particular situations. Several examples are given of drinking environments relative to the potential for aggressive behavior which is subsequently translated into criminal behavior, and references are included.
Index Term(s): Aggression; Alcohol abuse; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alienation; Dietary influences on behavior; Problem behavior
Note: An earlier version was presented at the Research Conference on Alcohol and Crime, Arlington (VA), October 1979. Part of Tulane University's Monitoring and Evaluation of Occupational Alcoholism Programming
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