skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70000 Find in a Library
Title: Concerned Citizens and a City Criminal Court
Author(s): Anonymous
Corporate Author: Royal Oak Municipal Court
Probation Dept
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 52
Sponsoring Agency: Royal Oak Municipal Court
Royal Oak, MI 48068
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Royal Oak, Michigan, program of probation and rehabilitation through citizen participation in the lower court process is discussed; historical development, services, and volunteers are emphasized.
Abstract: In the early 1960's the municipal court had no money or professional personnel to rehabilitate defendants charged in the lower court with so-called 'lesser crimes.' Royal Oak asked its citizens to give of themselves in an effort to rehabilitate offenders and thus to protect society. As a result, creative experience in the use of volunteers in the lower court process began. Over 500 citizens donated whatever they could. Today the probation department furnishes services estimated at $300,000 a year on a $17,000 a year budget from the city and $6,000 from private contributors. They have given the court over 20 different rehabilitative techniques to meet the complex problems with which the court must deal successfully. Participants include retired citizens, teachers, counselors, businesses, businessmen, coaches, housewives, and many others. The program was organized and directed by a judge. To date, well over 100 volunteers participate; they are screened by the probation department personnel and a staff counselor. The mainstream of the program flows through professional counselors whose caseloads are about 18 each. An average active caseload numbers approximately 550. Volunteers and counselors meet on a regular basis to discuss mutual cases. Services provided to offenders include psychological and psychiatric help, assignment to a work detail program, employment counseling, Alcoholics Anonymous support, and spiritual rehabilitation. Program effectiveness is indicated by the fact that only about 6 percent of probationers have been found guilty of a crime in Royal Oak or have left the State without permission while under supervision. Materials included in the report are illustrative case summaries, related correpsondence, a chart of services, and description of Project Misdemeanant.
Index Term(s): Citizen aides; Community involvement; Community resources; Community support; Michigan; Municipal courts; Private sector civic involvement; Probation; Rehabilitation; Volunteers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.