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NCJ Number: 70005 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Determinants of Larceny - An Empirical and Theoretical Study
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:(July 1980)  Pages:140-159
Author(s): L E Cohen; D Cantor
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: 1-R01-MH31117-01; SOC-77-13261
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study identifies high and low-risk subgroups and estimates measures of risk for various segments of the population as they are differentially related to personal larceny victimization.
Abstract: The study was designed to test the basic thesis of the routine activity approach which suggests that variations in individual daily activity increase or lessen opportunities for crime. Log-linear models of contingency table analysis were used along with data collected through the National Crime Survey (NCS) and by the Census Bureau. These data offered several advantages over data used in previous studies: the NCS samples the entire resident, noninstitutionalized population of the United States, and the sample of over 100,000 citizens permits a comparison of victims and nonvictims and a simultaneous control over more variables than would be possible in a smaller survey. The effects of age, race, income, major activity, and number of household persons were examined independently and in interaction. Data indicated that those with a family income of less than $10,000 a year, those who were 50 years or older, and those whose major occupation was 'keeping house,' had less than average odds of being the victims of a personal larceny. Furthermore, persons with a family income of more than $20,000, who live alone, or are between the ages 16 and 29 face a greater than average risk of being larceny victims. These findings indicated substantial support for the routine activity perspective and its promise as a base from which to develop a general theory of criminal victimization. Footnotes, 18 references, and tabular data are provided. (Author abstract modified).
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Larceny/Theft; Robbery; Victim crime precipitation; Victimization; Victimology
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