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NCJ Number: 70020 Find in a Library
Title: Views on World Crime Trends From the Perspective of the Salvation Army
Journal: International Review of Criminal Policy  Issue:35  Dated:(1979)  Pages:78-82
Corporate Author: United Nations
Dept of International Economic and Social Affairs
United States of America

Salvation Army
International Headquarters
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Salvation Army
London, England
United Nations
New York, NY 10017
United Nations Publications
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: United Nations Publications
Room DC2-853, 2 UN Plaza
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report discusses current trends in crime in Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as crime causes and prevention programs.
Abstract: This survey is based on the Salvation Army's own experiences and official Government statistics. Increases in crime were reported in Canada, New Zealand, Sweden, the United Kindgom, and the United States, but decreases were indicated for both France and Australia. All correspondents agreed that white-collar crime had risen. The United Kingdom is experiencing serious problems in relation to its high prison population, possibly from earlier attempts at lenient sentencing which merely delayed overcrowding. Internal factors rooted in education, upbringing, social mores, and religion are more related to crime prevention than detection or fear of punishment. The announcement by British Rail that it was losing about 1 percent of its revenues annually to ticket fraud shows that crime cannot be overcome until society readjusts its moral concepts. Correctional regimes should focus on rehabilitation rather than punishment and might learn from the Salvation Army's projects in prepartition India which allowed families to remain with inmates. In all innovative rehabilitative programs organized by the Salvation Army, the cost to the government has always been substantially lower than the expense of keeping people in prison. Limited schemes involving volunteers should also be tried. Controls on the use of firearms are likely to be ineffective as long as governments continue to employ them in the political and social arena. With the exception of the United States and Sweden, reports indicated that drug trafficking and abuse were being contained. Evidence linking alcohol with crime is increasing, although governments have made no efforts to control this substance. Some countries reported the existence of large crime organizations, particularly in the drug trade, pornography, and illegal immigration. While international cooperation is desirable, the price paid for restrictions on movements across borders and the attendant loss of individual freedom would be too high. Subjective assessments of trends by the Army's national correspondents are appended.
Index Term(s): Australia; Canada; Crime patterns; France; New Zealand; Sweden; Trend analysis; United Kingdom (UK); United States of America
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