skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70074 Find in a Library
Title: Emerging Issues in Police Management
Author(s): G E Carte
Date Published: 1969
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: NI-69-158
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Police reform cannot rely only on business management techniques. Police politicization, uncertainty about responsibility, representation and recruitment problems, elitism, and unionism have to be considered.
Abstract: Police reform must consider the underlying public service context of police work. The politicized atmosphere in which police problems must be resolved is a result of the interaction between external pressures for diverse services and internal response to these conflicting demands. Lack of clarity in police responsibility lowers efficiency by impending the translation of information into action and vice versa; also it has a negative effect on the morale of patrolmen, which in turn lowers the effectiveness of their work. Efforts to increase minority representation on police forces have not been successful because of negative attitudes toward the police. Increasing criticism of the police has reinforced their feeling of separation from the rest of the community. Finally, the growth of unionism can help alleviate the problems, since the formation of genuine police associations involved in collective bargaining about such conditions as employment and personnel policy will help management understand the problems of their agencies, and ensure the cooperation of police workers in agency decisions. Footnotes and approximately 60 references are included.
Index Term(s): Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police management; Police reform; Policing innovation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.