skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70172 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: School Factors and Delinquency - Interactions by Age and Sex
Journal: Sociology and Social Research  Volume:64  Issue:3  Dated:(April 1980)  Pages:420-434
Author(s): J H Rankin
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH13227-02
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between delinquency and certain school variables (academic achievement, educational expectations, attitudes toward school, and extracurricular activities) were specified by age and sex to test for interactions.
Abstract: The discovery of differential effects would lend support to strain theory, a theory that emphasizes the negative consequences of poor grades and low educational expectations for the adolescent's economic future. Strain theorists also assert that educational factors have a greater effect on the delinquent behavior of boys than girls and of older than younger adolescents. By contrast, control theorists argue that immediate problems are more salient than commitment to long-range goals and they would expect school factors to have separate or independent effects on delinquent behavior. Data for the study came from 385 interviews with junior and senior high school students in Wayne County, Michigan. The study tested for three-way interactions (grade level and sex by school factors by delinquency). The following specific hypotheses were tested: the effects of school factors on delinquency are greater for boys than for girls and for older adolescents than for younger adolescents. The findings provided mixed support for both theories. No significant association was found between school flunking and delinquency, although those students who thought their chances of graduating were bad were more likely to be delinquent. Involvement in school sports and clubs was also not significantly related to delinquency. The association between expected education and delinquent behavior was greater for older than younger adolescents. The associations between attitudes toward school and delinquency were found to be greater for girls than for boys. The findings reveal a need for further research on the delinquent behavior of adolescents. Tabular data, footnotes, and 30 references accompany the article.
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Juvenile delinquency factors
Note: Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Dallas (TX), 1978.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.