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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70255 Find in a Library
Title: Part Aboriginal Juvenile Offenders - Some Considerations of Care and Treatment
Journal: Australian Journal of Social Issues  Volume:13  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:104-111
Author(s): M Griffiths
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Western Australia must render its program for young aboriginal juvenile offenders more specific to these persons' needs and at the same time strive to develop more community programs for aboriginal populations.
Abstract: While closed maximum security institutions offer concentrated treatment prospects for young aborigines, aborigines, it is often difficult for these youngsters to generalize these new behaviors to the outside. Open or community-based settings for corrections operate on the principle that offenders are best treated within their own environments. However, aboriginal offenders generally come from depressed, marginal, and alienated community groups that are unable and at times unwilling to support the treatment program. Thus, if these young offenders are treated in wider community settings, they may be unable to transfer newly learned skills to their own social environment. Skill packages and programs for aboriginal offenders should be changed to emphasize developing interaction and communication skills, positive self-images and greater self-awareness, and an expanded world view. Specialized training for general child care staff should emphasize both classroom learning and direct personal contacts outside the classroom, and more aboriginal people should be involved in the treatment process. Continuity of contact with the staff should be assured throughout the treatment program. Additionally, a training center or college should be established for young part-aboriginal offenders, which is designed to maintain cohesiveness within the community and involve the entire community in its operation and development. The program would be concentrated on those offenders whose offenses are thought to be a consequence of social and environmental factors, rather than serious psychological maladjustment. In this way behavior modification principles will become more specific to the community. Two references are provided.
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Alternatives to institutionalization; Australia; Behavior modification; Community involvement; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile procedures training
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