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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70282 Find in a Library
Title: Victims of Violence - Psychological Responses, Treatment Implications
Journal: Evaluation and Change  Dated:Special Issue (1980)  Pages:42-46
Author(s): J L Krupnick; M J Horowitz
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Victims of violent crimes are able to regain the feeling of self-esteem and control after brief psychotherapy which focuses on understanding the victims' responses to the attack.
Abstract: Such victims suffer from emotional aftereffects including depression, nightmares, inability to handle anger, intensified feelings of vulnerability and helplessness, and lowered self-esteem. Most persons are able to gradually integrate into their lives the traumatic ideas and feelings provoked by the assault. Some, however, will develop a stress response syndrome that is characterized by phases of intrusive thoughts and images, phases of ideational denial, and emotional numbing. A study of 13 victims in psychotherapy at a special clinic for the treatment of stress response syndromes has shown that brief periods of therapy can be helpful. Since the trauma of the attack highlights and exacerbates previously existing conflicts or maladaptive styles of coping, such therapy, by uncovering maladaptive cognitions and understanding individual responses, can help the victims regain a sense of control and self-esteem, and lead to psychological growth. A summary of events and responses is provided.
Index Term(s): Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Psychiatric services; Psychological victimization effects; Victimization; Victimology; Violent crimes
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