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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70295 Find in a Library
Title: Applicability of a Helicopter Patrol Procedure to Diverse Areas - A Cost-Benefit Evaluation
Journal: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis  Volume:13  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1980)  Pages:143-148
Author(s): R E Kirchner; J F Schnelle; M Domash; L Larson; A Carr; M P McNees
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 6
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The residential burglary deterrent effects of a helicopter patrol procedure were investigated in four separate areas of Nashville, Tenn., with a multiple baseline technology.
Abstract: The helicopter was flown during an 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM period in two high density population areas of approximately 9.82 and 14.71 square miles and two low density population areas of 117.49 and 89.97 square miles. The helicopter patrol reduced residential burglaries without crime displacement in the two high density areas but had no deterrent effects in the low density areas. The costs of the helicopter patrol were justified by the benefits that resulted from the reduced home burglaries in the two high density areas. Yet because the helicopter patrol program is funded by general tax revenues, there is a disparity between those people paying for the procedure (all residents of Nashville) and those citizens that receive the burglary deterrent benefits (only residents of high-density areas). This distribution of benefit limitation suggests two courses of action. First, the helicopter should be flown only in high population density areas even though the low population density areas are also victimized by high burglary rates. Second, a more comprehensive burglary reduction program must be developed so that effective deterrence can be realized in low density areas. These latter techniques would supplement helicopter patrol strategies and thus form a comprehensive burglary deterrent package that has an equitable benefit distribution. Ten references are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Helicopters; High visibility patrol; Police crime-prevention; Police effectiveness; Police equipment; Tennessee
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=70295

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