skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70327 Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency and Social Values - Differences Between Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents
Journal: Youth and Society  Volume:11  Issue:3  Dated:(March 1980)  Pages:353-368
Author(s): M A Hudak; J Andre; R O Allen
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 16
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several key social values believed to be central to social adjustment versus deviancy are considered to assess the extent to which selected social values have been functionally adopted by delinquents.
Abstract: In comparing delinquent versus nondelinquent response patterns, six psychological measures were used. These measures were the empathy scale (indicating compliance by nondelinquents low on socialization with social rules if they develop a compensating empathic disposition), the socialization scale (So), the Machiavellianism scale (Mach--wherein one manipulates others for one's own ends), the compulsion-compassion scale (Compul) and the social cube analysis that involves the Andre Psychopolitical Scale (TAPS) and the Andre Psychopolitical Differential (APD)--a cube involving power versus love, freedom versus security, and emotionality versus rationality). Six questionnaires were administered to 32 male and female incarcerated juvenile offenders and to 32 control subjects with matching ages and paternal occupations. Four of the social value scales significantly discriminated the delinquent group from the control group (So, Compul, TAPS love, and APD love), identifying delinquents lacking in socialization, compassion, and love. Delinquency is related then to a compulsive orientation. Also, the power-love dimension appears to be an important consideration in the adolescent socialization process. The subsidiary analysis with sex indicates differences which are compatible with scale norms--males are generally lower on So and higher on Mach. Empathy, an important construct in social-moral development did not discriminate delinquents from controls, either alone or in chi-square analysis with So. Taking the other person's perspective (empathy) may be a necessary but not sufficient condition for love. Adolescence is a cognitive developmental period where analytic and roletaking abilities are at a peak, yet these abilities are confounded by a focus on the self that is typical of adolescence. Considering the social cube conceptualization of unsocialized values (high on power, freedom, emotionality), scores for controls are considerably higher than the norms for the scales. Overall, the findings suggest a pattern of values associated with delinquency, a pattern useful for further exploration. Twenty-three references and several tables are provided.
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Deviance; Juvenile Delinquent-nondelinquent comparisons; Socialization; Socially challenged
Note: Portions of this article were presented in the symposium, Values, Beliefs and Politics at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, San Diego, California, April 1979
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.