skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70356 Find in a Library
Title: Some Western Australian Notes (From Unemployment and Crime Seminar, P 74-78, 1978 - See NCJ-53933)
Author(s): L Davies
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 92
Sponsoring Agency: New South Wales
Pyrmont, NSW 2009, Australia
Sale Source: New South Wales
Government Printing Office
P.O. Box 75
Pyrmont, NSW 2009,
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper discusses the strong correlation between crime and unemployment that has been observed by Western Australia's legal aid services for both Aboriginals and the general population.
Abstract: Approximately 90 percent of Aboriginal offenders are unemployed at the time of arrest. In adult institutions aboriginals are 33 percent of all male inmates and 64 percent of all female inmates. In juvenile correctional facilities 70 percent of the inmates are Aboriginal. Since only 1.5 percent of the total population of Australia is Aboriginal, the percentage of criminal behavior among Aboriginals is disproportionate. Reasons that are advanced for this high rate of crime among Aboriginals are that they have a subculture of their own which incurs the hatred of police and the despair of their social and legal advisors. Also, they used to work in rural areas; such work, however, is no longer available to them, partly because of the mechanization of agriculture and increasing rural depression which eliminates jobs in which they were once employed (root picking, assisting with ploughing, etc.). The Aboriginal Legal Service (ALS) and State Legal Aid Commission provide legal aid services. One courts's data on 168 persons arrested between January 1, 1978, and June 1, 1978, showed that 40 were employed full time, 57 were unemployed, and 71 described themselves either as 'married woman' or 'home duties'. Of the offenses committed, approximately 60 percent were stealing and related offenses; 3 percent were assaults and minor offenses, such as willful damage; the remainder were traffic offenses which include driving while intoxicated. No appreciable differences in types of crime were found between unemployed and employed persons. A table provides results of a survey of education and employment among prisoners at the Fremantle House of Corrections in 1976-77. For a related document, see NCJ 53933.
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Australia; Employment-crime relationships; Unemployment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.