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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70411 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Control as Energy Policy (From Criminology Review Yearbook, Volume 2, P 549-552, 1980, by Egon Bittner and Sheldon L Messinger - See NCJ-70397)
Author(s): S Balkin
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Connections between crime control and a successful energy conservation policy are exemplified by the excessive amounts of energy used by people who are afraid of crime and inadequate enforcement of energy conservation laws.
Abstract: Little-investigated correlations between fear of crime and energy waste range from lights left burning all night inside and outside private dwellings; use of private automobiles by people who consider mass transportation unsafe and crime-ridden; opposition to nuclear power plants because they are perceived as unsafe (as they often are), and refusal to pick up hitchhikers, or to hitchhike occasionally instead of driving one's car. Mass transit lines could be made safer by greater (and well-advertised) penalties for offenses committed in public conveyances); emergency facilities for summoning police help; and increased police presence, including television surveillance. Increasing mass transit ridership would in itself reduce crime and reduced crime would encourage increased ridership. Better provisions for bicycle riding, controlled hitchhiking through identification of hikers and license plate of host automobiles, making subcompact car use more attractive by additional safety features, and strict enforcement of the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit would promote energy conservation through crime control measures and better law enforcement. In the housing area, people should be encouraged to switch from one-family homes to high-rise manned door- and elevator service and increased tenant interaction. Safety at nuclear power plants could also be improved sufficiently to lessen adverse public reaction. Additionally, stricter application of antitrust laws would prevent deliberate withholding of energy supplies and price manipulation by the oil companies.
Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs; Crime prevention measures; Energy conservation
Note: Reprinted from Policy Analysis, V 5, N 1, P 119-122
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