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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70457 Find in a Library
Title: Schizophrenia and Delinquency - Medico-social Investigation of 116 Psychotic Patients, 63 of Them Delinquents Hospitalized in Specialized Centers
Journal: Annales Medico-psychologiques  Volume:135  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1977)  Pages:1-33
Author(s): M Addad; M Benezech
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 33
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: Results of a study comparing 53 nondelinquent and 63 delinquent schizophrenics in five French psychiatric wards are presented.
Abstract: Study data derive from records of subjects, of personal interviews with subjects, and from an extensive questionnaire relating to subjects' education, social life, family, and delinquent behavior. Results indicate that delinquents and nondelinquents resemble one another in the factors leading to schizophrenia but that they differ in certain aspects of their familial situations. Delinquents frequently suffer from maternal rejection, which may take the form of exclusion from the family home or of psychological abuse. A small number of schizophrenics learn deviant behavior by imitation of the antisocial values in their immediate environment. Hebephrenic subjects only rarely become involved in criminal activities, and delinquency occurs in heboidophrenics only at the same rate as in the general population. Paranoiacs tend to be the most dangerous: 46.15 percent of the paranoid subjects in the sample committed violent physical acts and 33.5 percent committed murder. Most frequent victms are family members. The frequency of premeditation (50 percent) does not vary according to disease form. More than half of the schizophrenics have a history of medicolegal problems or are recidivists, suggesting that diagnosis of a dangerous state of mind should be possible prior to the crime. The authors emphasize that the data are only valid for institutionalized schizophrenics. A sample of the questionnaire, tables, and a 10-item bibliography are supplied. --in French.
Index Term(s): Domestic relations; France; Home environment; Mental disorders; Mentally ill offenders; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Psychological influences on crime
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