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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70501 Find in a Library
Title: System of Preparation for Release and Resocialization in the Soviet Union (From Troisieme seminaire regional du CICC en Europe centrale, 1976, V 1 - Les mesures post-penales, P 215-225, Alice Parizeau, ed. - See NCJ-70501)
Author(s): A S Michlin
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 9
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: Measures taken in the Soviet Union to prepare prison inmates psychologically for release and to further social readaptation of released prisoners are discussed.
Abstract: Prerelease measures are designed to prepare ex-offenders for freedom and to guarantee them means of living a stable life (i.e., housing, a job). Prerelease services are directed by the Ministry of Interior Affairs and put into effect by the correctional establishments. The section chiefs, the educators directly in contact with prisoners, prisoners' personalities, and their needs and problems are important elements in the preparation programs. Psychological preparation for release begins three months before release and teaches individuals methods for resolving problems. Preparation usually involves discussions on future prospects and difficulties, family relationships, the need to continue vocational training, types of friends, use of free time, and similar subjects. Group discussions are intended to stimulate inmates' interest in the future and to encourage resolution of problems. The first step of inmate preparation is attitude formation, followed by personality modification. Special courses are devoted to Soviet law, citizens' responsibilities, and the principles of family life. Inmates released conditionally or placed under administrative supervision must be informed of the conditions of their release or supervision and the consequences of violating those terms. Releasees may require aid in finding jobs and housing. The negative attitude of employers toward exconvicts is undesirable, as the negativism may convince exconvicts that it is impossible for them to enter the realm of the honest citizen. A 14-item bibliography is supplied.
Index Term(s): Employment; Post-release programs; Prerelease programs; Recidivism; Social reintegration; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
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