skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 70667 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Nonaddictive Drug Use and Delinquency - A Longitudinal Analysis (From Drug Use and Crime Report of the Panel on Drug Use and Criminal Behavior, P 325-350, 1976 - See NCJ-40293
Author(s): L D Johnston; P M O'Malley; L K Eveland
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Part of the appendix of the Drug Use and Crime Report, the paper present the findings of a longitudinal study of nonaddictive drug use by 1,365 boys who graduated from high school in 1969.
Abstract: The study addressed the following questions: (1) How strong is the relationship between illicit drug use and other illegal activities? (2) Does illicit drug use lead to an increase or decrease in subsequent delinquency? (3) Does delinquency predict to later drug use? (4) Is illicit drug use associated with specific types of crimes? The initial sample was comprised of approximately 2,200 10th grade boys in 87 public schools and was obtained by using a random sampling procedure. Followup interviews were conducted in the spring of 1968, 1969, and 1970. Self-administered questionnaires were mailed out in the spring of 1974, 4 years after the majority of subjects had graduated from high school. A single composite measure of illicit drug use was constructed to examine relationships across time. Some of the findings of the study included: illicit drug use was related positively and strongly to other forms of illegal behavior; (2) the higher the degree of an individual's involvement with drugs, the higher was his expected level of delinquency, (3) crimes against property were considerably more related to illicit drug use than were crimes against persons; and (4) young men who used only marijuana were lower than the other drug-using groups on both indices of delinquency. No evidence was found of a lasting impact of drug use on delinquency levels, but some covariance was noted within the same 1-year interval for which drug use was measured. It can be concluded that nonaddictive use of illicit drugs does not seem to play much of a role in leading users to become more delinquent. In fact, it is more plausible to assume that delinquency leads to drug use. Ten tables of data interpretation and (6) references are included.
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Juvenile delinquency factors; Longitudinal studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.