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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70680 Find in a Library
Title: Protection and Delinquency - Records of the Social Welfare Court - Quebec 1974
Author(s): E Deleury; J Lindsay; M Rivet
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 175
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: Characteristics of juvenile delinquents, the nature of juvenile sentences, and new Canadian laws affecting juveniles are described.
Abstract: Report data on 150 protection cases and 382 delinquency cases are taken from the 1974 records of the social welfare court of Quebec. Findings on juveniles' backgrounds suggest that juveniles who come before the court for protection are from broken families and that their court records provide insufficient information about their occupational, educational, and familial backgrounds. Violent crimes to persons and property are most frequently committed by juveniles who already have criminal records, and girls are usually involved in minor offenses. As a rule, youths under 12 arrested for criminal activities are considered for protective treatment. As the analysis of court procedures indicates, the court attaches greater importance to rehabilitation in protective cases than in delinquent cases and provides for collection of more extensive background materials on protection than on delinquency cases. But court and probation services do not differentiate between protection and delinquency measures, concentrating instead on the behavior of the individual youth. Judges generally regard sentences to be penal rather than rehabilitative. The most common penalties are fines and delayed sentences. Recently revised laws seek to expand the different types of sentences which may be applied to juveniles and to encourage such alternative penalties and forms of juvenile assistance as half-way houses, compensation, probation, community adjustment programs, parental assistance, and various types of centers. Notes and appendixes with descriptions of variables for delinquency and protection, assesment of the sample's value, and data table are supplied. --in French.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Judicial discretion; Juvenile codes; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile offender statistics; Juvenile sentencing; Quebec; Treatment
Note: Bibliotheque Juridique B-2 (law library)
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