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NCJ Number: 70865 Find in a Library
Title: General Deterrence and Police Enforcement - Effective Countermeasures Against Drinking and Driving?
Journal: Journal of Safety Research  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1977)  Pages:15-25
Author(s): P K Ennis
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 11
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This Canadian paper reviews the literature on attempts to deter drunk driving and considers two necessary deterrent conditions: public understanding and support of laws on drunk driving and more efficient police enforcement.
Abstract: It is estimated that 45 percent of all drivers killed on Canadian roads have blood alcohol concentrations in excess of the legal limit of .08 percent. Similar statistics have been obtained from U.S. sources. Most attempts to reduce the incidence of driving while intoxicated (DWI) have been based on countermeasures applied after the drinking driver has been detected, charged, and convicted. To reach the large sector of the drinking and driving population that has not been caught, however, both primary and secondary intervention strategies are needed. Both strategies rest on the concept of general deterrence. Deterrence effectiveness, in turn, appears to depend on public understanding and support of legal controls for DWI and on enforcement practices. For example, the Alberta Check Stop Program (Canada), made police enforcement of DWI laws a highly visible activity and was accompanied by an informational program. On the other hand, it has been argued that a policy of occasional reinforcement might be better than applying a constant level of effort against the drinking driver. It is concluded that an educational campaign about the effects of drinking and driving combined with increased police enforcement are needed. In addition, strategies of general deterrence and secondary intervention should be a first priority. About 40 references are included.
Index Term(s): Canada; Driver road check; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Literature reviews; United States of America
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